47 Cited authorities

  1. Ashcroft v. Iqbal

    556 U.S. 662 (2009)   Cited 195,191 times   262 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the sufficiency of the allegations is a legal question so appellate courts have jurisdiction to consider it on appeal from denial of qualified immunity
  2. Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly

    550 U.S. 544 (2007)   Cited 209,562 times   342 Legal Analyses
    Holding that conclusory allegations that the defendants acted unlawfully were insufficient to state a claim
  3. Tannenbaum v. U.S.

    148 F.3d 1262 (11th Cir. 1998)   Cited 1,974 times
    Holding that pro se pleadings "are held to a less stringent standard than pleadings drafted by attorneys and will, therefore, be liberally construed"
  4. American Dental Assoc. v. Cigna Corp.

    605 F.3d 1283 (11th Cir. 2010)   Cited 1,229 times
    Holding that the district court properly dismissed plaintiffs' § 1962(c) claims because plaintiffs had not sufficiently pled the acts of mail and wire fraud alleged to form a pattern of racketeering activity
  5. Jackson v. Bellsouth Telecomms.

    372 F.3d 1250 (11th Cir. 2004)   Cited 1,448 times   1 Legal Analyses
    Holding that where the complaint fails to state a substantive RICO claim, a RICO conspiracy allegation "simply concludes that the defendants ‘conspired and confederated’ to commit conduct which in itself does not constitute a RICO violation."
  6. GJR Investments, Inc. v. County of Escambia

    132 F.3d 1359 (11th Cir. 1998)   Cited 1,728 times
    Holding that a complaint that fails to make particularized allegations that a conspiracy existed in a § 1983 claim should be dismissed
  7. Chaparro v. Carnival Corp.

    693 F.3d 1333 (11th Cir. 2012)   Cited 834 times   2 Legal Analyses
    Holding the same when the plaintiffs were "trapped in bus during shooting near [the beach]" where their daughter was shot to death
  8. Anderson v. District Board of Trustees of Central Florida Community College

    77 F.3d 364 (11th Cir. 1996)   Cited 716 times
    Holding that plaintiffs are required to "present each claim for relief in a separate count" rather than asserting numerous claims within a single count
  9. Griffin v. Irvin

    496 F.3d 1189 (11th Cir. 2007)   Cited 494 times
    Holding that the language in the Equal Protection Clause "may, as it does here, simply operate at too high a level of generality" to make prior case law unnecessary, and that the broad legal principles in "class of one" cases were inapplicable because "the precise facts of a case are critical in evaluating a 'class of one' claim"
  10. Mamani v. Berzain

    654 F.3d 1148 (11th Cir. 2011)   Cited 434 times
    Holding that shootings based on "individual motivations (personal reasons) not linked to defendants" and those "compatible with accidental or negligent shooting" are not extrajudicial killings
  11. Rule 8 - General Rules of Pleading

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 8   Cited 123,496 times   187 Legal Analyses
    Holding that "[e]very defense to a claim for relief in any pleading must be asserted in the responsive pleading. . . ."
  12. Rule 9 - Pleading Special Matters

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 9   Cited 32,159 times   261 Legal Analyses
    Requiring a party who alleged fraud or mistake to "state with particularity the circumstances constituting fraud of mistake"
  13. Section 1964 - Civil remedies

    18 U.S.C. § 1964   Cited 5,321 times   29 Legal Analyses
    Granting civil remedies for RICO violation
  14. Section 1640 - Civil liability

    15 U.S.C. § 1640   Cited 4,688 times   22 Legal Analyses
    Holding "any creditor who fails to comply" liable, with creditors defined within § 1602(g) as persons
  15. Section 559.72 - Prohibited practices generally

    Fla. Stat. § 559.72   Cited 418 times   7 Legal Analyses
    Prohibiting an "attempt ... to enforce a debt when [the debt collector] knows that the debt is not legitimate"
  16. Section 559.55 - Definitions

    Fla. Stat. § 559.55   Cited 302 times   7 Legal Analyses
    Including "debtor" in the same definition
  17. Section 559.77 - Civil remedies

    Fla. Stat. § 559.77   Cited 220 times   8 Legal Analyses
    Establishing a two-year statute of limitations for claims under the FCCPA