17 Cited authorities

  1. Monell v. New York City Dept. of Social Services

    436 U.S. 658 (1978)   Cited 54,609 times   13 Legal Analyses
    Holding local governments can be liable under § 1983 for customs or policies that result in constitutional deprivations
  2. Friends of the Earth, Inc. v. Laidlaw Envtl. Servs. (TOC), Inc.

    528 U.S. 167 (2000)   Cited 5,538 times   24 Legal Analyses
    Holding that plaintiffs who curtailed their recreational activities on a river due to reasonable concerns about the effect of pollutant discharges into that river had standing
  3. Foman v. Davis

    371 U.S. 178 (1962)   Cited 23,550 times   4 Legal Analyses
    Holding that an appeal was improperly dismissed when the record as a whole — including a timely but incomplete notice of appeal and a premature but complete notice — revealed the orders petitioner sought to appeal
  4. Saint Francis Coll. v. Al-Khazraji

    481 U.S. 604 (1987)   Cited 1,030 times   7 Legal Analyses
    Holding that discrimination “based on the fact that [plaintiff] was born an Arab, rather than solely on the place or nation of his origin” will support a § 1981 claim
  5. Shane v. Fauver

    213 F.3d 113 (3d Cir. 2000)   Cited 2,684 times
    Holding that unless amendment would be futile, a district court must give a plaintiff the opportunity to amend a complaint that fails to state a claim
  6. Brown v. Philip Morris Inc.

    250 F.3d 789 (3d Cir. 2001)   Cited 856 times
    Holding property and contract rights are statutorily, not constitutionally, protected and therefore a conspiracy to violate those rights is an insufficient foundation for a § 1985 claim
  7. Lloyd Corp. v. Tanner

    407 U.S. 551 (1972)   Cited 441 times   3 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a private shopping center did not violate the First Amendment by prohibiting the distribution of handbills on its property
  8. Jablonski v. Pan American World Airways, Inc.

    863 F.2d 289 (3d Cir. 1988)   Cited 635 times
    Holding that amendment of the complaint is futile if the amendment will not cure the deficiency in the original complaint or if the amended complaint cannot withstand a renewed motion to dismiss
  9. Adams v. Gould Inc.

    739 F.2d 858 (3d Cir. 1984)   Cited 713 times
    Holding that "the mere passage of time, without more, does not require that a motion to amend a complaint be denied"
  10. Aponte-Torres v. University of Puerto Rico

    445 F.3d 50 (1st Cir. 2006)   Cited 328 times
    Holding that the plaintiffs "fail[ed] to articulate a cognizable federal claim"
  11. Section 1983 - Civil action for deprivation of rights

    42 U.S.C. § 1983   Cited 397,378 times   581 Legal Analyses
    Holding liable any state actor who "subjects, or causes [a person] to be subjected" to a constitutional violation
  12. Rule 15 - Amended and Supplemental Pleadings

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 15   Cited 70,582 times   88 Legal Analyses
    Finding that, per N.Y. C.P.L.R. § 1024, New York law provides a more forgiving principle for relation back in the context of naming John Doe defendants described with particularity in the complaint
  13. Section 1981 - Equal rights under the law

    42 U.S.C. § 1981   Cited 33,697 times   186 Legal Analyses
    Granting equal rights to "make and enforce contracts" without regard to race