43 Cited authorities

  1. Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly

    550 U.S. 544 (2007)   Cited 214,975 times   346 Legal Analyses
    Holding that conclusory allegations that the defendants acted unlawfully were insufficient to state a claim
  2. Dura Pharmaceuticals v. Broudo

    544 U.S. 336 (2005)   Cited 3,168 times   66 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the securities statutes have a private of action “not to provide investors with broad insurance against market losses, but to protect them against those economic losses that misrepresentations actually cause”
  3. Patane v. Clark

    508 F.3d 106 (2d Cir. 2007)   Cited 1,294 times   3 Legal Analyses
    Holding that discriminatory treatment is actionable "only when it occurs because of an employee's sex, or other protected characteristic"
  4. Clark-Fitzpatrick, Inc. v. Long Island Rail Road

    70 N.Y.2d 382 (N.Y. 1987)   Cited 2,567 times
    Holding that, where plaintiff alleged that defendant failed to exercise "due care" in the design of a railroad project, plaintiff's negligence allegations were "merely a restatement, albeit in slightly different language, of the 'implied' contractual obligations asserted in the cause of action for breach of contract. Moreover, the damages plaintiff allegedly sustained as a consequence of defendant's violation of a 'duty of due care' in designing the project were clearly within contemplation of the written agreement."
  5. N Y Univ v. Continental Ins Co.

    87 N.Y.2d 308 (N.Y. 1995)   Cited 1,692 times   4 Legal Analyses
    Holding that allegations Of breach of contract "and any covenants implied" do not sound in fraud
  6. Brass v. American Film Technologies, Inc.

    987 F.2d 142 (2d Cir. 1993)   Cited 1,667 times
    Holding that district courts may make use of "documents either in plaintiffs' possession or of which plaintiffs had knowledge and relied on in bringing suit" in evaluating Rule 12(b) motions
  7. Shields v. Citytrust Bancorp, Inc.

    25 F.3d 1124 (2d Cir. 1994)   Cited 1,564 times   5 Legal Analyses
    Holding that scienter cannot be "base[d] . . . on speculation and conclusory allegations"
  8. Rothman v. Gregor

    220 F.3d 81 (2d Cir. 2000)   Cited 1,225 times
    Holding that "the date of the filing of the motion to amend constitutes the date the action was commenced for statute of limitations purposes" when "the plaintiff seeks to add a new defendant" (quoting Nw. Nat’l Ins. Co. v. Alberts , 769 F. Supp. 498, 510 (S.D.N.Y.1991) )
  9. Lerner v. Fleet Bank, N.A.

    459 F.3d 273 (2d Cir. 2006)   Cited 952 times   4 Legal Analyses
    Holding that an aiding and abetting claim under New York law requires "an allegation that such defendant had actual knowledge of the breach of duty"
  10. Lentell v. Merrill Lynch Co., Inc.

    396 F.3d 161 (2d Cir. 2005)   Cited 895 times   10 Legal Analyses
    Holding that to prove loss causation, a plaintiff must allege "that the misstatement or omission concealed something from the market that, when disclosed, negatively affected the value of the security"
  11. Rule 12 - Defenses and Objections: When and How Presented; Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings; Consolidating Motions; Waiving Defenses; Pretrial Hearing

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 12   Cited 272,120 times   788 Legal Analyses
    Granting the court discretion to exclude matters outside the pleadings presented to the court in defense of a motion to dismiss
  12. Rule 9 - Pleading Special Matters

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 9   Cited 32,322 times   261 Legal Analyses
    Requiring a party who alleged fraud or mistake to "state with particularity the circumstances constituting fraud of mistake"