5 Cited authorities

  1. Lujan v. Defs. of Wildlife

    504 U.S. 555 (1992)   Cited 21,997 times   122 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a sufficient specification of when the injury in fact will occur is necessary
  2. Hunt v. Washington Apple Advertising Comm'n

    432 U.S. 333 (1977)   Cited 3,831 times   7 Legal Analyses
    Holding that an organization may establish standing if " its members would otherwise have standing to sue in their own right; (b) the interests it seeks to protect are germane to the organization’s purpose; and (c) neither the claim asserted nor the relief requested requires the participation of individual members in the lawsuit"
  3. Chapman v. Pier 1 Imports

    631 F.3d 939 (9th Cir. 2011)   Cited 847 times
    Holding plaintiff lacks standing to challenge barriers he has not encountered
  4. Automobile Workers v. Brock

    477 U.S. 274 (1986)   Cited 372 times
    Holding that participation of individuals was not required where the district court would not determine damages because "the unique facts of each UAW member's claim will have to be considered by the proper state authorities [post-judgment] before any member will be able to receive the benefits allegedly due him"
  5. Fleck and Associates v. Phoenix

    471 F.3d 1100 (9th Cir. 2006)   Cited 169 times
    Holding corporation does not possess right recognized in Lawrence v. Texas, 539 U.S. 558, 123 S.Ct. 2472, 156 L.Ed.2d 508, to make autonomous choices in intimate relations free of government interference: “Corporations are not self-defining autonomous creatures worthy of respect and dignity in the relevant sense.”