32 Cited authorities

  1. Terry v. Ohio

    392 U.S. 1 (1968)   Cited 34,186 times   73 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a police officer who has reasonable suspicion of criminal activity may conduct a brief investigative stop
  2. United States v. Cortez

    449 U.S. 411 (1981)   Cited 5,512 times   10 Legal Analyses
    Holding that reasonable suspicion exists where an officer has "a particularized and objective basis for suspecting the particular person stopped of criminal activity"
  3. Florida v. J. L.

    529 U.S. 266 (2000)   Cited 1,958 times   17 Legal Analyses
    Holding an anonymous tip that a young black man in a plaid shirt was carrying a gun insufficient to create reasonable suspicion
  4. Spinelli v. United States

    393 U.S. 410 (1969)   Cited 5,340 times   3 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the "assertion of police suspicion" cannot save an otherwise insufficient warrant affidavit
  5. People v. De Bour

    40 N.Y.2d 210 (N.Y. 1976)   Cited 2,071 times   6 Legal Analyses
    In People v. LaPene, 352 N.E.2d 562 (N.Y. 1976), the New York Court of Appeals laid out a sliding scale of justifiable police intrusion, short of probable cause to arrest, which specified three distinct levels of intrusion correlating the allowable intensity of police conduct to the nature and weight of the facts precipitating the intrusion.
  6. People v. Prochilo

    41 N.Y.2d 759 (N.Y. 1977)   Cited 1,515 times   2 Legal Analyses
    In People v Prochilo (41 N.Y.2d 759, 763), even though the police officer was able to observe a visibly heavy object in defendant Bernard's pocket, we ordered the gun suppressed, in part because the officer was completely unable to connect his observations with the presence of a weapon until after he had taken the impermissible step of reaching into the pocket.
  7. People v. Hollman

    79 N.Y.2d 181 (N.Y. 1992)   Cited 733 times   4 Legal Analyses
    Holding that reasonable suspicion was required before narcotics officers could approach a passenger in a bus terminal and ask for permission to search the person's bag
  8. People v. Bigelow

    66 N.Y.2d 417 (N.Y. 1985)   Cited 731 times   1 Legal Analyses
    In People v Bigelow (66 N.Y.2d 417), this Court declined to apply the good-faith exception to the exclusionary adopted by the Supreme Court in United States v Leon (468 U.S. 897).
  9. People v. Cantor

    36 N.Y.2d 106 (N.Y. 1975)   Cited 663 times
    Stating that officers are permitted to forcibly stop and detain a person for questioning where the officer has reasonable suspicion that a suspect has committed, is committing, or is about to commit a crime
  10. People v. Moore

    2006 N.Y. Slip Op. 1249 (N.Y. 2006)   Cited 215 times
    In Moore, we also said that “[a]n anonymous tip cannot provide reasonable suspicion to justify a seizure, except where that tip contains predictive information —such as information suggestive of criminal behavior—so that the police can test the reliability of the tip” (id. at 499, 814 N.Y.S.2d 567, 847 N.E.2d 1141 [emphasis added]).