97 Cited authorities

  1. Gertz v. Robert Welch, Inc.

    418 U.S. 323 (1974)   Cited 3,483 times   15 Legal Analyses
    Holding that, although a private figure can recover damages for defamation if he proves the speaker acted negligently, he must prove actual malice to recover presumed or punitive damages if the statement was on a matter of public concern
  2. Masson v. New Yorker Magazine, Inc.

    501 U.S. 496 (1991)   Cited 1,208 times   2 Legal Analyses
    Holding that "plaintiff must demonstrate that the author in fact entertained serious doubts as to the truth of his publication"
  3. White v. Securities & Exchange Commission

    434 U.S. 969 (1977)   Cited 457 times
    Upholding three minute cut-off figure
  4. Gross v. New York Times Co.

    82 N.Y.2d 146 (N.Y. 1993)   Cited 365 times   1 Legal Analyses
    Finding accusation of "possibly illegal" conduct to be actionable
  5. Steinhilber v. Alphonse

    68 N.Y.2d 283 (N.Y. 1986)   Cited 434 times   2 Legal Analyses
    Recognizing a distinction between pure opinion, which “does not imply that it is based upon undisclosed facts,” and mixed opinion, which “implies that it is based upon facts which justify the opinion but are unknown to those reading or hearing it”
  6. Brian v. Richardson

    87 N.Y.2d 46 (N.Y. 1995)   Cited 326 times
    Holding that an article advocating for a government investigation into purported misuse of software would be understood, in context, "as mere allegations to be investigated rather than as facts"
  7. Rinaldi v. Holt, Rinehart

    42 N.Y.2d 369 (N.Y. 1977)   Cited 549 times   1 Legal Analyses
    Stating that "[o]pinions, false or not, libelous or not, are constitutionally protected and may not be the subject of private damage actions"
  8. Immuno Ag. v. Moor-Jankowski

    77 N.Y.2d 235 (N.Y. 1991)   Cited 329 times
    Holding that the New York State Constitution independently provides protection for statements of opinion greater than those required by the First Amendment
  9. Mann v. Abel

    2008 N.Y. Slip Op. 2675 (N.Y. 2008)   Cited 170 times
    In Mann, the Court of Appeals found that the subject article when viewed as a whole, conveyed to a reasonable reader that the statements at issue were opinion. The Court noted that the column was on the opinion page of the newspaper and that it was accompanied by a note from the editor that it was an expression of opinion.
  10. Kenedy Memorial Foundation v. Mauro

    513 U.S. 1016 (1994)   Cited 72 times
    Holding district court has broad discretion to dismiss an action for ineffective service of process and that trial court did not abuse discretion in denying plaintiff's third motion to extend the time within which to accomplish service on a Mexican defendant
  11. Section 371 - Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud United States

    18 U.S.C. § 371   Cited 18,126 times   92 Legal Analyses
    Requiring proof of an "act to effect the object of the conspiracy"
  12. Section 1001 - Statements or entries generally

    18 U.S.C. § 1001   Cited 6,201 times   102 Legal Analyses
    Defining a false statement as requiring a defendant to "knowingly and willfully" falsify a material fact, make a false representation, or make or use any document containing false information
  13. Section 666 - Theft or bribery concerning programs receiving Federal funds

    18 U.S.C. § 666   Cited 1,282 times   26 Legal Analyses
    Criminalizing bribery of state, local, or tribal officials in specified circumstances
  14. Section 74 - Privileges in action for libel

    N.Y. Civ. Rights Law § 74   Cited 282 times   3 Legal Analyses

    A civil action cannot be maintained against any person, firm or corporation, for the publication of a fair and true report of any judicial proceeding, legislative proceeding or other official proceeding, or for any heading of the report which is a fair and true headnote of the statement published. This section does not apply to a libel contained in any other matter added by any person concerned in the publication; or in the report of anything said or done at the time and place of such a proceeding