13 Cited authorities

  1. People v. De Bour

    40 N.Y.2d 210 (N.Y. 1976)   Cited 2,074 times   6 Legal Analyses
    In People v. LaPene, 352 N.E.2d 562 (N.Y. 1976), the New York Court of Appeals laid out a sliding scale of justifiable police intrusion, short of probable cause to arrest, which specified three distinct levels of intrusion correlating the allowable intensity of police conduct to the nature and weight of the facts precipitating the intrusion.
  2. People v. Hollman

    79 N.Y.2d 181 (N.Y. 1992)   Cited 733 times   4 Legal Analyses
    Holding that reasonable suspicion was required before narcotics officers could approach a passenger in a bus terminal and ask for permission to search the person's bag
  3. People v. Bigelow

    66 N.Y.2d 417 (N.Y. 1985)   Cited 731 times   1 Legal Analyses
    In People v Bigelow (66 N.Y.2d 417), this Court declined to apply the good-faith exception to the exclusionary adopted by the Supreme Court in United States v Leon (468 U.S. 897).
  4. People v. McRay

    51 N.Y.2d 594 (N.Y. 1980)   Cited 474 times
    Recognizing that a glassine envelope is a "telltale sign of heroin" and that the passing of a glassine envelope signals an illicit drug transaction rather than some innocuous act
  5. People v. Dodt

    61 N.Y.2d 408 (N.Y. 1984)   Cited 339 times
    In Dodt, for example, we held that the People's probable-cause showing was insufficient because they failed to offer evidence of the content of the teletype communication upon which the police relied to arrest the defendant (id. at 412, 474 N.Y.S.2d 441, 462 N.E.2d 1159).
  6. People v. Garcia

    2012 N.Y. Slip Op. 8670 (N.Y. 2012)   Cited 101 times   2 Legal Analyses
    In Garcia, where the Court of Appeals affirmed the Appellate Division's determination that the police lacked the requisite founded suspicion when, upon stopping a vehicle for a mere defective brake light, an officer asked if any of the occupants had a weapon (see People v Garcia, 20 NY3d at 324).
  7. People v. More

    97 N.Y.2d 209 (N.Y. 2002)   Cited 33 times   1 Legal Analyses
    Holding warrantless body cavity search incident to arrest was unreasonable where there was no evidence that the delay necessary to obtain a warrant posed threat to officer safety or destruction of the evidence
  8. People v. Roque

    99 N.Y.2d 50 (N.Y. 2002)   Cited 31 times

    146 Decided November 19, 2002. Appeal, by permission of an Associate Judge of the Court of Appeals, from an order of the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court in the First Judicial Department, entered April 10, 2001, which affirmed a judgment of the Supreme Court (Harold J. Rothwax, J.), rendered in New York County upon a verdict convicting defendant of criminal possession of a controlled substance in the first degree. People v. Roque, 282 A.D.2d 245, affirmed. Malvina Nathanson, for appellant

  9. People v. Hendricks

    43 A.D.3d 361 (N.Y. App. Div. 2007)   Cited 19 times
    Holding that NYCHA building's “history of drug activity and trespassing” provided “objective, credible reason” for Level 1 inquiry “to determine if defendant was legitimately in the building”
  10. People v. Johnson

    109 A.D.3d 449 (N.Y. App. Div. 2013)   Cited 9 times
    In People v Johnson (109 AD3d 449 [1st Dept 2013], appeal dismissed 23 NY3d 1001 [2014]), this Court held that a person's desire to avoid contact with the police is not an objectively credible reason for making a level one inquiry.