38 Cited authorities

  1. Terry v. Ohio

    392 U.S. 1 (1968)   Cited 33,737 times   70 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a police officer who has reasonable suspicion of criminal activity may conduct a brief investigative stop
  2. Schneckloth v. Bustamonte

    412 U.S. 218 (1973)   Cited 10,797 times   20 Legal Analyses
    Holding the State need not prove knowing-and-deliberate consent to search
  3. Florida v. Royer

    460 U.S. 491 (1983)   Cited 5,901 times   14 Legal Analyses
    Holding that an individual has no obligation to respond when police approach and ask questions
  4. Florida v. Bostick

    501 U.S. 429 (1991)   Cited 3,898 times   16 Legal Analyses
    Holding that police officers' search of a bus passenger's luggage can be based on consent
  5. Illinois v. Caballes

    543 U.S. 405 (2005)   Cited 1,888 times   32 Legal Analyses
    Holding that use of narcotics-detection dog during a lawful traffic stop "generally does not implicate legitimate privacy interests"
  6. Brendlin v. California

    551 U.S. 249 (2007)   Cited 1,579 times   13 Legal Analyses
    Holding a passenger can be unreasonably seized during a traffic stop
  7. California v. Hodari D

    499 U.S. 621 (1991)   Cited 3,021 times   14 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a seizure "requires either physical force ... or, where that is absent, submission to the assertion of authority"
  8. Wong Sun v. United States

    371 U.S. 471 (1963)   Cited 11,308 times   24 Legal Analyses
    Holding that evidence was inadmissible because it was obtained by exploiting "illegal actions of the police
  9. Ohio v. Robinette

    519 U.S. 33 (1996)   Cited 1,631 times   18 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the Fourth Amendment does not require that a lawfully seized defendant must be advised that he is "free to go" before his consent to search will be recognized as voluntary
  10. Johnson v. Zerbst

    304 U.S. 458 (1938)   Cited 8,298 times   17 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a waiver of constitutional rights must be knowing and intelligent