138 Cited authorities

  1. Daimler AG v. Bauman

    571 U.S. 117 (2014)   Cited 3,569 times   167 Legal Analyses
    Holding that foreign corporations may not be subject to general jurisdiction "whenever they have an in-state subsidiary or affiliate"
  2. Burger King Corp. v. Rudzewicz

    471 U.S. 462 (1985)   Cited 14,243 times   29 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a defendant has "fair warning" if he purposefully directs his activities at residents of the forum and if the litigation results from alleged injuries arising out of or relating to those activities.
  3. World-Wide Volkswagen Corp. v. Woodson

    444 U.S. 286 (1980)   Cited 9,740 times   15 Legal Analyses
    Holding that an Oklahoma court could not exercise personal jurisdiction over a car retailer when the retailer's only connection to Oklahoma was the fact that a car sold in New York became involved in an accident in Oklahoma
  4. Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. v. Superior Court of Cal.

    137 S. Ct. 1773 (2017)   Cited 1,288 times   67 Legal Analyses
    Holding that unrelated contacts cannot diminish the required showing of an affiliation between the forum and the underlying controversy
  5. Asahi Metal Indus. Co. Ltd. v. Superior Court, 480 U.S. 102

    480 U.S. 102 (1987)   Cited 4,365 times   33 Legal Analyses
    Holding that, in suit by Taiwanese manufacturer for indemnification against Japanese manufacturer, the assertion by California court of personal jurisdiction over Japanese manufacturer was unreasonable
  6. Calder v. Jones

    465 U.S. 783 (1984)   Cited 3,855 times   17 Legal Analyses
    Holding personal jurisdiction in California proper in a libel suit by a California resident against a Florida reporter
  7. J. McIntyre Machinery, Ltd. v. Nicastro

    564 U.S. 873 (2011)   Cited 1,031 times   28 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a metal-shearing machine manufacturer based in England that engaged an independent distributor to sell its machines across the U.S. was not subject to personal jurisdiction in New Jersey where the plaintiff was injured while using one of the company's machines
  8. Keeton v. Hustler Magazine, Inc.

    465 U.S. 770 (1984)   Cited 2,488 times   4 Legal Analyses
    Holding that due process demands that courts assess "[e]ach defendant's contacts ... individually"
  9. McGee v. International Life Ins. Co.

    355 U.S. 220 (1957)   Cited 3,274 times   2 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a California court had jurisdiction over an out-of-state insurer when the insurer delivered the offer of life insurance and the insurance contract itself to California and the insured had sent his premium payments from California to the insurer for two years
  10. Cleveland v. Caplaw Enters.

    448 F.3d 518 (2d Cir. 2006)   Cited 869 times   1 Legal Analyses
    Holding district court was not required to convert motion to summary judgment where court did not consider deposition excerpts but, rather, relied only upon pleadings and contract incorporated by reference into the pleadings
  11. Rule 8 - General Rules of Pleading

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 8   Cited 116,907 times   177 Legal Analyses
    Holding that "[e]very defense to a claim for relief in any pleading must be asserted in the responsive pleading. . . ."
  12. Rule 4 - Summons

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 4   Cited 46,482 times   78 Legal Analyses
    Holding that if defendant is not served within 90 days after the complaint is filed, the court—on a motion, or on its own following notice to the plaintiff—must dismiss the action without prejudice against that defendant or order that service be made by a certain time
  13. Section 1391 - Venue generally

    28 U.S.C. § 1391   Cited 21,289 times   180 Legal Analyses
    Finding that venue lies where a "substantial part of the events or omissions giving rise to the claim" occurred
  14. Section 302 - Personal jurisdiction by acts of non-domiciliaries

    N.Y. C.P.L.R. § 302   Cited 3,067 times   3 Legal Analyses
    Holding that service may be made "to a person of suitable age and discretion at the actual place of business, dwelling place or usual place of abode of the person to be served and by ... mailing the summons to the person to be served at his or her last known residence"
  15. Section 22 - District in which to sue corporation

    15 U.S.C. § 22   Cited 637 times   1 Legal Analyses
    Providing for venue where the defendant is "an inhabitant," "may be found," or "transacts business"