Wis. Code § 893.07

Updated February 12, 2019
893.07 Application of foreign statutes of limitation

(1) If an action is brought in this state on a foreign cause of action and the foreign period of limitation which applies has expired, no action may be maintained in this state.

(2) If an action is brought in this state on a foreign cause of action and the foreign period of limitation which applies to that action has not expired, but the applicable Wisconsin period of limitation has expired, no action may be maintained in this state.

History: 1979 c. 323. Judicial Council Committee's Note, 1979: Sub. (1) applies the provision of s. 893.05 that the running of a statute of limitations extinguishes the right as well as the remedy to a foreign cause of action on which an action is attempted to be brought in Wisconsin in a situation where the foreign period has expired. Sub. (1) changes the law of prior s. 893.205 (1), which provided that a resident of Wisconsin could sue in this state on a foreign cause of action to recover damages for injury to the person even if the foreign period of limitation had expired. Sub. (2) applies the Wisconsin statute of limitations to a foreign cause of action if the Wisconsin period is shorter than the foreign period and the Wisconsin period has run. [Bill 326-A] The borrowing statute was properly applied to an injury received outside of this state. A conflict of laws analysis was not appropriate. Guertin v. Harbour Assurance Co. 141 Wis. 2d 622, 415 N.W.2d 831 (1987). Section 893.16 (1) is effective to toll the running of the statute of limitations, even when under s. 893.07 the plaintiff would be barred from bringing suit under applicable foreign law. Scott v. First State Insurance Co. 155 Wis. 2d 608, 456 N.W.2d 312 (1990). This section does not borrow foreign tolling statutes. Johnson v. Johnson, 179 Wis. 2d 574, 508 N.W.2d 19 (Ct. App. 1993). This section is applicable to actions on contracts. A claim is foreign when the final significant event giving rise to a suable event, the alleged breach, occurs outside the state. Abraham v. General Casualty Co. 217 Wis. 2d 294, 576 N.W.2d 46 (1998), 95-2918. Sub. (1) refers to “the period of limitation," as defined by the foreign jurisdiction, that governs the case in the foreign state. Application of this rule includes a limitation period that operates as a statute of repose. Wenke v. Gehl Company, 2004 WI 103, 274 Wis. 2d 220, 682 N.W.2d 405, 01-2649. A cause of action is foreign under this section if the underlying injury occurs outside this state. In a case in which the plaintiff claims to have been injured in the same course of action in multiple states, the plaintiff's location at the time of the plaintiff's first injury controls whether the cause of action is foreign. Paynter v. ProAssurance Wisconsin Insurance Company, 2018 WI App 27, 381 Wis. 2d 239, 911 N.W.2d 374, 17-0739. A tort action based on an injury received outside of this state was “foreign." Johnson v. Deltadynamics, Inc. 813 F.2d 944 (1987). Under this section, a foreign jurisdiction's period of limitations is borrowed, but not its period of repose. Beard v. J. I. Case Co. 823 F.2d 1095 (1987). This section directs courts to apply the shortest limitation period possible to foreign causes of action, whether the applicable statute is a statute of limitations or a statute of repose. Merner v. Deere & Co. 176 F. Supp. 2d 882 (2001). Wisconsin's borrowing statute: Did we shortchange ourselves? 70 MLR 120 (1986). Interpreting Wisconsin's Borrowing Statute. Wiegand. Wis. Law. May 2001.