Notwithstanding any other provision of law and except as provided in subsections (b) and (d), an alien who is not-
is not eligible for any State or local public benefit (as defined in subsection (c)).
Subsection (a) shall not apply with respect to the following State or local public benefits:
A State may provide that an alien who is not lawfully present in the United States is eligible for any State or local public benefit for which such alien would otherwise be ineligible under subsection (a) only through the enactment of a State law after August 22, 1996, which affirmatively provides for such eligibility.
8 U.S.C. § 1621
REFERENCES IN TEXTThe Immigration and Nationality Act, referred to in subsecs. (a)(2) and (c)(2)(B), is act June 27, 1952, ch. 477, 66 Stat. 163, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 12 (§1101 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under sectionof this title and Tables.Section 141 of the applicable compact of free association approved in Public Law 99-239 or 99-658, referred to in subsec. (c)(2)(A), means section 141 of the Compact of Free Association between the Government of the United States and the Governments of the Marshall Islands and the Federated States of Micronesia, which is contained in section 201 of Pub. L. 99-239 set out as a note under section of Title 48, Territories and Insular Possessions, and section 141 of the Compact of Free Association between the United States and the Government of Palau, which is contained in section 201 of Pub. L. 99-658 set out as a note under section of Title 48.
AMENDMENTS1998-Subsec. (c)(2)(C). Pub. L. 105-306 added subpar. (C).1997-Subsec. (c)(2)(A). Pub. L. 105-33, §5565, inserted before semicolon ", or to a citizen of a freely associated state, if section 141 of the applicable compact of free association approved in Public Law 99-239 or 99-658 (or a successor provision) is in effect".Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 105-33, §5581(b)(1), made technical amendment to reference in original act which appears in text as reference to sectionof this title.
STATUTORY NOTES AND RELATED SUBSIDIARIES
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1997 AMENDMENTAmendment by Pub. L. 105-33 effective as if included in the enactment of title IV of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, Pub. L. 104-193 see section 5582 of Pub. L. 105-33 set out as a note under sectionof this title.
PILOT PROGRAMS ON LIMITING ISSUANCE OF DRIVER'S LICENSE TO ILLEGAL ALIENS Pub. L. 104-208, div. C, title V, §502, Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009-671, provided that pursuant to guidelines by the Attorney General, all States could conduct pilot programs to determine the viability, advisability, and cost-effectiveness of denying driver's licenses to aliens not lawfully present in the United States and, not later than 3 years after Sept. 30, 1996, the Attorney General should submit a report to the Judiciary Committees of Congress.