49 U.S.C. § 31132

Current through P.L. 116-344 (published on www.congress.gov on 01/13/2021), except for P. Ls. 116-260 and 116-283
Section 31132 - Definitions

In this subchapter-

(1) "commercial motor vehicle" means a self-propelled or towed vehicle used on the highways in interstate commerce to transport passengers or property, if the vehicle-
(A) has a gross vehicle weight rating or gross vehicle weight of at least 10,001 pounds, whichever is greater;
(B) is designed or used to transport more than 8 passengers (including the driver) for compensation;
(C) is designed or used to transport more than 15 passengers, including the driver, and is not used to transport passengers for compensation; or
(D) is used in transporting material found by the Secretary of Transportation to be hazardous under section 5103 of this title and transported in a quantity requiring placarding under regulations prescribed by the Secretary under section 5103.
(2) "employee" means an operator of a commercial motor vehicle (including an independent contractor when operating a commercial motor vehicle), a mechanic, a freight handler, or an individual not an employer, who-
(A) directly affects commercial motor vehicle safety in the course of employment; and
(B) is not an employee of the United States Government, a State, or a political subdivision of a State acting in the course of the employment by the Government, a State, or a political subdivision of a State.
(3) "employer"-
(A) means a person engaged in a business affecting interstate commerce that owns or leases a commercial motor vehicle in connection with that business, or assigns an employee to operate it; but
(B) does not include the Government, a State, or a political subdivision of a State.
(4) "interstate commerce" means trade, traffic, or transportation in the United States between a place in a State and-
(A) a place outside that State (including a place outside the United States); or
(B) another place in the same State through another State or through a place outside the United States.
(5) "intrastate commerce" means trade, traffic, or transportation in a State that is not interstate commerce.
(6) "medical examiner" means an individual licensed, certified, or registered in accordance with regulations issued by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration as a medical examiner.
(7) "regulation" includes a standard or order.
(8) "State" means a State of the United States, the District of Columbia, and, in sections 31136 and 31140-31142 1 of this title, a political subdivision of a State.
(9) "State law" includes a law enacted by a political subdivision of a State.
(10) "State regulation" includes a regulation prescribed by a political subdivision of a State.
(11) "United States" means the States of the United States and the District of Columbia.

1 See References in Text note below.

49 U.S.C. § 31132

Pub. L. 103-272, §1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1000; Pub. L. 104-88, title I, §104(f), Dec. 29, 1995, 109 Stat. 919; Pub. L. 105-178, title IV, §4008(a), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 404; Pub. L. 109-59, title IV, §4116(c), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1728.

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
3113249 App.:2503.Oct. 30, 1984, Pub. L. 98-554, §204, 98 Stat. 2833.
The text of 49 App.:2503(6) is omitted as unnecessary because of 1:1. The text of 49 App.:2503(8) is omitted as surplus because the complete name of the Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Regulatory Review Panel is used the first time the term appears in a section. The text of 49 App.:2503(9) is omitted as surplus because the complete name of the Secretary of Transportation is used the first time the term appears in a section.

REFERENCES IN TEXT Section 31140 of this title, referred to in par. (8), was repealed by Pub. L. 105-178, title IV, §4008(d), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 404.

AMENDMENTS2005-Pars. (6) to (11). Pub. L. 109-59 added par. (6) and redesignated former pars. (6) to (10) as (7) to (11), respectively.1998-Par. (1)(A). Pub. L. 105-178, §4008(a)(1), inserted "or gross vehicle weight" after "rating" and ", whichever is greater" after "pounds". Par. (1)(B). Pub. L. 105-178, §4008(a)(2), which directed substitution of "more than 8 passengers (including the driver) for compensation;" for "passengers" and all that follows through semicolon at end, was executed by making the substitution for "passengers for compensation, but excluding vehicles providing taxicab service and having a capacity of not more than 6 passengers and not operated on a regular route or between specified places;" to reflect the probable intent of Congress. 1995-Par. (1)(B) to (D). Pub. L. 104-88 added subpars. (B) and (C), redesignated former subpar. (C) as (D), and struck out former subpar. (B) which read as follows: "is designed to transport more than 15 passengers including the driver; or".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1995 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 104-88 effective Jan. 1, 1996, see section 2 of Pub. L. 104-88 set out as an Effective Date note under section 1301 of this title.