28 U.S.C. § 991
AMENDMENTS2008-Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110-406 substituted "At least" for "Not more than" in third sentence. 2003-Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 108-21 substituted "Not more than 3" for "At least three" in third sentence. 1996-Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-294 made technical correction to directory language of Pub. L. 103-322. See 1994 Amendment note below. 1994-Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103-322, §280005(c)(1), (2), in second sentence, substituted "Chair" for "Chairman" and in fifth sentence, substituted "the Attorney General's designee" for "his designee". Pub. L. 103-322, §280005(a), as amended by Pub. L. 104-294 in second sentence, substituted "and three of whom shall be designated by the President as Vice Chairs." for the period at end, in fourth sentence, substituted ", and of the three Vice Chairs, no more than two shall be members of the same political party." for the period at end, and in last sentence, substituted "Chair, Vice Chairs," for "Chairman". 1985-Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99-22 struck out "in regular active service" after "Federal judges".
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2003 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 108-21, title IV, §401(n)(2), Apr. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 676, provided that: "The amendment made under paragraph (1) [amending this section] shall not apply to any person who is serving, or who has been nominated to serve, as a member of the Sentencing Commission on the date of enactment of this Act [Apr. 30, 2003]."
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1996 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 104-294 effective Sept. 13, 1994, see section 604(d) of Pub. L. 104-294 set out as a note under sectionof Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure.
EFFECTIVE DATE Section effective Oct. 12, 1984, see section 235(a)(1)(B)(i) of Pub. L. 98-473 set out as an Effective Date; Savings Provision note under sectionof Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure.
COMPOSITION OF MEMBERS OF COMMISSION DURING FIRST FIVE-YEAR PERIODFor provisions directing that, notwithstanding the provisions of this section, during the five-year period following Oct. 12, 1984, the United States Sentencing Commission shall consist of nine members, including two ex officio, nonvoting members, see section 235(b)(5) of Pub. L. 98-473 set out as an Effective Date note under section of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure.
- "Commission" means the United States Sentencing Commission;