18 U.S.C. § 2334
REFERENCES IN TEXTThe date of the enactment of the Promoting Security and Justice for Victims of Terrorism Act of 2019, referred to in subsec. (e)(1)(A), (B), is the date of enactment of section 903 of div. J of Pub. L. 116-94 which was approved Dec. 20, 2019.
AMENDMENTS2019-Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 116-94, §903(c)(1)(A), added par. (1) and struck out former par. (1). Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "Except as provided in paragraph (2), for purposes of any civil action under section international terrorism upon which such civil action was filed, the defendant-"(A) after the date that is 120 days after the date of enactment of this subsection, accepts-"(i) any form of assistance, however provided, under chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 ( et seq.);"(ii) any form of assistance, however provided, under section 481 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 ( ) for international narcotics control and law enforcement; or"(iii) any form of assistance, however provided, under chapter 9 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 ( et seq.); or"(B) in the case of a defendant benefiting from a waiver or suspension of section 1003 of the Anti-Terrorism Act of 1987 ( ) after the date that is 120 days after the date of enactment of this subsection-"(i) continues to maintain any office, headquarters, premises, or other facilities or establishments within the jurisdiction of the United States; or"(ii) establishes or procures any office, headquarters, premises, or other facilities or establishments within the jurisdiction of the United States." Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 116-94, §903(c)(1)(B), inserted at end "Except with respect to payments described in paragraph (1)(A), no court may consider the receipt of any assistance by a nongovernmental organization, whether direct or indirect, as a basis for consent to jurisdiction by a defendant."Subsec. (e)(3) to (5). Pub. L. 116-94, §903(c)(1)(C), added pars. (3) to (5). 2018-Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 115-253 added subsec. (e).of this title, a defendant shall be deemed to have consented to personal jurisdiction in such civil action if, regardless of the date of the occurrence of the act of
STATUTORY NOTES AND RELATED SUBSIDIARIES
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2019 AMENDMENT; ABROGATION; CONSTRUCTION; SEVERABILITYAmendment by Pub. L. 116-94 applicable to any case pending on or after Aug. 30, 2016, with additional rules of construction and abrogation and severability provisions, see section 903(c)(2) and (d) of Pub. L. 116-94 set out in a note under sectionof this title.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2018 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 115-253, §4(b), Oct. 3, 2018, 132 Stat. 3185, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 3, 2018]."
EFFECTIVE DATESection applicable to any pending case or any cause of action arising on or after 4 years before Oct. 29, 1992, see section 1003(c) of Pub. L. 102-572 set out as a note under sectionof this title.
- international terrorism
- the term "international terrorism" means activities that-(A) involve violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any State, or that would be a criminal violation if committed within the jurisdiction of the United States or of any State;(B) appear to be intended-(i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population;(ii) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or(iii) to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping; and(C) occur primarily outside the territorial jurisdiction of the United States, or transcend national boundaries in terms of the means by which they are accomplished, the persons they appear intended to intimidate or coerce, or the locale in which their perpetrators operate or seek asylum;
- the term "person" means any individual or entity capable of holding a legal or beneficial interest in property;