CIVIL ACTION NO. 2:17-cv-01098
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
(Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment)
Pending before the court is the Motion for Summary Judgment [ECF No. 16] filed by defendant Boston Scientific Corporation ("BSC"). The Motion is ripe for adjudication because the briefing is complete. As set forth below, the Motion is GRANTED in part and DENIED in part.
This action involves a Missouri plaintiff who was implanted with the Advantage Transvaginal Mid-Urethral Sling System, a mesh product manufactured by BSC, on October 20, 2004 in St. Louis, Missouri. This case resides in one of seven MDLs assigned to me by the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation ("MDL") concerning the use of transvaginal surgical mesh to treat pelvic organ prolapse ("POP") and stress urinary incontinence ("SUI"). In the six remaining active MDLs, there are more than 10,000 cases currently pending, approximately 2600 of which are in the BSC MDL, MDL No. 2326.
In an effort to manage this MDL efficiently and effectively, I decided to conduct pretrial discovery and motions practice on an individualized basis. To this end, I selected certain cases to become part of a "wave" of cases to be prepared for trial and, if necessary, remanded. I enter a docket control order subjecting each active case in the wave to the same scheduling deadlines, rules regarding motion practice, and limitations on discovery. See, e.g., Pretrial Order ("PTO") # 165, In re Bos. Sci. Corp. Pelvic Repair Sys. Prods. Liab. Litig., No. 2:12-md-02326, June 21, 2017, http://www.wvsd.uscourts.gov/MDL/boston/orders.html. The instant case was selected as part of BSC Wave 3.
II. Legal Standards
A. Summary Judgment
To obtain summary judgment, the moving party must show that there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact and that the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(a). In considering a motion for summary judgment, the court will not "weigh the evidence and determine the truth of the matter." Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 249 (1986). Instead, the court will draw any permissible inference from the underlying facts in the light most favorable to the nonmoving party. Matsushita Elec. Indus. Co. v. Zenith Radio Corp., 475 U.S. 574, 587-88 (1986).
The "party seeking summary judgment always bears the initial responsibility of informing the district court of the basis for its motion, and identifying those portions of the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with the affidavits, if any, which it believes demonstrate the absence of a genuine issue of material fact." Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 323 (1986). To discharge this burden, the moving party may produce an affidavit to demonstrate the absence of a genuine issue of material fact. See id. The moving party, however, is not required to do so and may discharge this burden "by 'showing'—that is, pointing out to the district court—that there is an absence of evidence to support the nonmoving party's case." Id. at 325; see also Pumphrey v. C.R. Bard, Inc., 906 F. Supp. 334, 336 (N.D. W. Va. 1995). If the moving party sufficiently points out to the court those portions of the record that show that there is an absence of evidence to support the nonmoving party's case, the burden shifts to the nonmoving party to come forward with record evidence establishing a genuine issue of material fact. Pollard v. United States, 166 F. App'x 674, 678 (4th Cir. 2006) (citing Celotex, Corp., 477 U.S. at 325).
Should the burden shift, the nonmoving party must offer some "concrete evidence from which a reasonable juror could return a verdict" in his or her favor. Anderson, 477 U.S. at 256. The nonmoving party must satisfy this burden of proof by offering more than a mere "scintilla of evidence" in support of his or her position. Id. at 252. Likewise, conclusory allegations or unsupported speculations, without more, are insufficient to preclude the granting of a summary judgment motion. See Dash v. Mayweather, 731 F.3d 303, 311 (4th Cir. 2013); Stone v. Liberty Mut. Ins. Co., 105 F.3d 188, 191 (4th Cir. 1997). Summary judgment is therefore appropriate when, after adequate time for discovery, the moving party first discharges the initial burden and then the nonmoving party does not make a showing sufficient to establish a genuine issue of material fact. Celotex Corp., 477 U.S. at 322-23.
B. Choice of Law
The plaintiff does not dispute that Missouri choice-of-law principles apply to this case and that these principles compel the application of Missouri substantive law to the plaintiff's claims.
Under 28 U.S.C. § 1407, this court has authority to rule on pretrial motions in MDL cases. The choice of law for these pretrial motions depends on whether they concern federal or state law:
When analyzing questions of federal law, the transferee court should apply the law of the circuit in which it is located. When considering questions of state law, however, the transferee court must apply the state law that would have applied to the individual cases had they not been transferred for consolidation.
In re Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Implants Prods. Liab. Litig., 97 F.3d 1050, 1055 (8th Cir. 1996) (citations omitted). If a plaintiff files her claim directly into the MDL in the Southern District of West Virginia, as the plaintiff did in this case, the court consults the choice-of-law rules of the state where the plaintiff was implanted with the product. See Sanchez v. Bos. Sci. Corp., 2:12-cv-05762, 2014 WL 202787, at *4 (S.D. W. Va. Jan. 17, 2014) ("For cases that originate elsewhere and are directly filed into the MDL, the court will follow the better-reasoned authority that applies the choice-of-law rules of the originating jurisdiction, which in our case is the state in which the plaintiff was implanted with the product."). In this case, the implantation surgery took place in Missouri. Thus, Missouri's choice-of-law principles guide the court's choice-of-law analysis.
Missouri courts employ "the most significant relationship" test to determine which state's substantive law to apply in a tort action. Livingston v. Baxter Health Care Corp., 313 S.W.3d 717, 721 (Mo. Ct. App. 2010). Under this test, the court must evaluate the contacts of each interested state and determine which state "has the most significant contacts" with the lawsuit. Id. (quoting Restatement (Second) of Conflict of Laws § 145(1) (Am. Law Inst. 1971)). In making this determination, the court should consider "(a) the place where the injury occurred, (b) the place where the conduct causing the injury occurred, (c) the domicil, residence, nationality, place of incorporation and place of business of the parties, and (d) the place where the relationship, if any, between the parties is centered." Id. (paragraph breaks omitted) (quoting Restatement (Second) of Conflicts § 145(2)).
Here, the plaintiff resides in Missouri, she received her implant in Missouri, and her alleged injuries and follow-up care occurred in Missouri. Accordingly, I FIND that Missouri has the most significant relationship to the lawsuit, and I apply Missouri's substantive law to this case.
BSC argues that it is entitled to summary judgment on the following claims because they lack a legal or evidentiary basis: Count III (Strict Liability - Manufacturing Defect); Count IV (Strict Liability - Failure to Warn); Count V (Breach of Express Warranty); Count IV (Breach of Implied Warranty) and Count VIII (Discovery Rule, Tolling, and Fraudulent Concealment).
A. Conceded Claims
The plaintiff does not respond to BSC's arguments regarding the following claims, and therefore the court considers them to be conceded: Count III (Strict Liability - Manufacturing Defect); Count VI (Breach of Implied Warranty); and Count VIII (Discovery Rule, Tolling, and Fraudulent Concealment). Accordingly, BSC's Motion regarding these counts is GRANTED.
B. Remaining Claims
I FIND that genuine disputes of material fact exist regarding the plaintiff's remaining claims challenged by BSC. Accordingly, BSC's Motion as to all remaining claims is DENIED.
For the reasons discussed above, it is ORDERED that BSC's Motion for Summary Judgment [ECF No. 16] is GRANTED with respect to Count III (Strict Liability - Manufacturing Defect); Count VI (Breach of Implied Warranty); and Count VIII (Discovery Rule, Tolling, and Fraudulent Concealment), and these claims are DISMISSED with prejudice. It is further ORDERED that the Motion is DENIED in all other respects.
The court DIRECTS the Clerk to send a copy of this Order to counsel of record and any unrepresented party.
ENTER: August 7, 2018
JOSEPH R. GOODWIN
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE