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Yun Wang v. Holder

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit
Nov 22, 2010
404 F. App'x 196 (9th Cir. 2010)


No. 07-72106.

Submitted November 16, 2010.

The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed.R.App.P. 34(a)(2).

Filed November 22, 2010.

Judith L. Wood, Esquire, Law Offices of Judith L. Wood, Los Angeles, CA, for Petitioners.

Yun Wang, Temple City, CA, pro se.

Shahrzad Baghai, OIL, DOJ-U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, DC, District Director, Esquire, Office of the District Counsel, Department of Homeland Security, Los Angeles, CA, Ronald E. Lefevre, Office of the District Counsel, Department of Homeland Security, San Francisco, CA, for Respondent.

On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals. Agency Nos. A076-373-973, A076-373-974, A076-373-975.

Before: TASHIMA, BERZON, and CLIFTON, Circuit Judges.


This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by 9th Cir. R. 36-3.

Yun Wang and her family, natives and citizens of China, petition for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals' ("BIA") order dismissing their appeal from an immigration judge's ("IJ") decision denying their application for asylum and withholding of removal. We have jurisdiction under 8 U.S.C. § 1252. We review for substantial evidence. Tekle v. Mukasey, 533 F.3d 1044, 1051 (9th Cir. 2008). We grant the petition for review and remand.

The IJ determined Wang failed to establish extraordinary circumstances excusing her untimely-filed asylum application because she did not file "within a very short period of time after the expiration of her status." This is an incorrect application of 8 C.F.R. § 1208.4(a)(5)(iv) (extraordinary circumstances includes maintenance of lawful status until a "reasonable period" before filing the asylum application); see Husyev v. Mukasey, 528 F.3d 1172, 1182 (9th Cir. 2008) (six-month period is a "presumptive deadline" applied in the absence of any special considerations); see also Wakkary v. Holder, 558 F.3d 1049, 1056-59 (9th Cir. 2009). Accordingly, we grant and remand Wang's asylum claim.

Substantial evidence does not support the IJ's adverse credibility determination. See Tekle, 533 F.3d at 1055-56. The inconsistency regarding Wang's age at the time of the merits hearing is minor and does not got to the heart of her claim. See Guo v. Ashcroft, 361 F.3d 1194, 1201 (9th Cir. 2004). The IJ's omission finding is not supported because Wang provided a reasonable explanation why this was a minor omission. See Soto-Olarte v. Holder, 555 F.3d 1089, 1091-92 (9th Cir. 2009) (rejecting inconsistency when petitioner offered an explanation, and the agency did not address the explanation in a reasoned manner). Finally, the possible inconsistency between Wang's testimony regarding her date of departure from China and the date on her airline ticket receipt was both minor and based on impermissible speculation. See Shah v. INS, 220 F.3d 1062, 1071 (9th Cir. 2000) ("speculation and conjecture cannot form the basis of an adverse credibility finding").

To the extent the BIA relied on the remainder of the IJ's adverse credibility findings, those findings are also not supported by substantial evidence because they are based on minor inconsistencies or on impermissible speculation. See Li v. Holder, 559 F.3d 1096, 1102-03 (9th Cir. 2009).

Accordingly, we grant the petition for review and remand for the agency to consider Wang's asylum and withholding of removal claims, taking her testimony as true. See Soto-Olarte, 555 F.3d at 1093-96; see also INS v. Ventura, 537 U.S. 12, 16-18, 123 S.Ct. 353, 154 L.Ed.2d 272 (2002) (per curiam).


Summaries of

Yun Wang v. Holder

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit
Nov 22, 2010
404 F. App'x 196 (9th Cir. 2010)
Case details for

Yun Wang v. Holder

Case Details

Full title:YUN WANG; Longfa Hong; Jiangtao Hong, Petitioners, v. Eric H. HOLDER, Jr.…

Court:United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit

Date published: Nov 22, 2010


404 F. App'x 196 (9th Cir. 2010)

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