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Wood v. Ramond

Supreme Court of California
Jan 1, 1872
42 Cal. 643 (Cal. 1872)


         Appeal from the District Court of the Twelfth Judicial District, City and County of San Francisco.

         The appeal was taken from the judgment, from " the order allowing the plaintiff to take a nonsuit, and also from the order refusing to allow the defendants to make proof of the facts set up in defendants' cross-complaint, and from all the orders and errors specified," etc.


         The defendants should have been allowed to prove the allegations of their cross-complaint. No distinction in pleading exists under the code, whether the relief sought be legal or equitable. The old rules are superseded. (Smith v. Raie, 4 Cal. 6; Cordies v. Schloss, 12 Cal. 147; Higgins v. McDonald, 18 Cal. 302; Reddler v. Baker, 13 Cal. 302.) The affirmative matter stated in the answer was properly the subject of a cross-complaint, and under the code it was admissible. (Secs. 37-46, 49, and 64 of Practice Act.) Under our code, legal and equitable relief may be obtained in the same action--the pleader may join in the same complaint legal and equitable causes of action. For instancesof such joinder, and as illustrative of the general doctrine, see Morenhout v. Higuera, 32 Cal. 294. The averment of ouster was properly the subject of cross-complaint, whether this action be treated as legal or equitable. (See Moore v. Massina, 32 Cal. 595; Gates v. Keiff, 7 Cal. 125.) Equitable title may be interposed as a defense in ejectment, and if this be true, the rule must be true e converso. ( Cadiz v. Meyers, 33 Cal. 288; Carpentier v. City of Oakland, 30 Cal. 438; Lorain v. Long, 6 Cal. 452; Getty v. Hudson River R. R. Co., 6 Howard's Pr. 269.) The matter set up in the answer related to the general subject matter of the action, and was responsive to the complaint. (Practice Act, Sec. 47; Van Sandvord's Pleadings, 50, 51; Pralus v. Jeff. S. Mg. Co., 34 Cal. 558.)

          G. F. & William H. Sharp, for Appellants.

          Wood & Harding, for Respondent.

         The appellants appeal from a judgment of nonsuit, granted on their own motion. They were not the parties aggrieved, and have no right to appeal. (Pr. Act, Sec. 335; Insly v. Beard, 6 Cal. 666; Sleeper v. Kelly, 22 Cal. 456; Ely v. Frisbie, 260.)

         JUDGES: Rhodes, J.


          RHODES, Judge

         The plaintiff commenced this action under the two hundred and fifty-fourth section of the Practice Act, to quiet his title to certain premises. The defendants after denying most of the material allegations of the complaint, set up what is claimed as new matter, and upon it demanded affirmative relief. Upon the hearing, the Court, on the defendants' motion, ordered a judgment of nonsuit. The defendants, thereupon, offered to prove their allegations of new matter. The Court refused them permission to introduce evidence. This is alleged as error, and is the sole ground of the appeal.

         A defendant, conceiving that the plaintiff has failed to prove his case, may waive a motion for a non-suit, and proceed to prove his own case, and have judgment on the merits. But if he move for a nonsuit, and the nonsuit be granted he cannot proceed and have judgment on the merits; because, by reason of the nonsuit, the plaintiff is virtually out of Court. A nonsuit, granted on the motion of the defendant, is equivalent, in its operation on the action, to a dismissal with the consent of the defendant.

         Judgment affirmed.

Summaries of

Wood v. Ramond

Supreme Court of California
Jan 1, 1872
42 Cal. 643 (Cal. 1872)
Case details for

Wood v. Ramond

Case Details

Full title:JOSEPH M. WOOD v. REUBEN E. RAMOND et als.

Court:Supreme Court of California

Date published: Jan 1, 1872


42 Cal. 643 (Cal. 1872)

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