March 24, 1986
Appeal from the Supreme Court, Queens County (Hyman, J.).
Appeal from the purported order dismissed. The order is actually a clerk's extract of the trial minutes, which is not an appealable paper (see, CPLR 5512 [a]; Davidson v. Ha Il-Bo, 117 A.D.2d 776); in any event, the judgment supersedes the purported order (see, Matter of Aho, 39 N.Y.2d 241, 248), and the issues raised on appeal from the purported order are brought up for review and have been considered on the appeal from the judgment (CPLR 5501 [a] ).
Judgment reversed, on the law, and a new trial granted.
The plaintiffs are awarded one bill of costs, payable by the defendant and third-party plaintiff.
The Court of Appeals has stated that a dismissal based upon the plaintiffs' opening statement cannot be sustained unless it is established that "the counsel stating the case to the jury deliberately and intentionally state[d] or admit[ted] some fact that, in any view of the case, [was] fatal to the action" (Hoffman House v. Foote, 172 N.Y. 348, 351).
In the instant case, the plaintiffs' complaint set forth a valid cause of action based upon the alleged negligence of the defendant. Nothing in the opening statement by the plaintiffs' counsel precluded them as a matter of law from establishing their cause of action by reliance upon the doctrine of res ipsa loquitur (see, Smith v. Jay Apts., 33 A.D.2d 624, lv denied 26 N.Y.2d 609), or "the more general principal [of] circumstantial evidence" (Feblot v. New York Times Co., 32 N.Y.2d 486, 498 [Breitel, J., concurring]).
Therefore, we find that the trial court erred in dismissing the plaintiffs' complaint upon the defendant and third-party plaintiff's motion at the completion of the plaintiffs' opening statement to the jury, and consequently, there must be a new trial.
We have considered the contentions in support of an affirmance and find them to be without merit. Mangano, J.P., Brown, Rubin and Lawrence, JJ., concur.