Welshv.Metropolitan Life Ins. Co.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth CircuitJul 13, 2007
246 Fed. Appx. 405 (9th Cir. 2007)

No. 05-36166.

Submitted July 11, 2007.

This panel unanimously finds this case suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed.R.App.P. 34(a)(2).

Filed July 13, 2007.

Steven P. Krafchick, Esq., Krafchick Law Firm, Seattle, WA, for Plaintiff-Appellant.

Medora A. Marisseau, Esq., Kristi Favard, Esq., Bullivant Houser Bailey, PC, Seattle, WA, R. Daniel Lindahl, Esq., Bullivant Houser Bailey, PC, Portland, OR, for Defendants-Appellees.

Appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of Washington, Ronald B. Leighton, District Judge, Presiding. D.C. No. CV-04-05143-RBL.

Before: ALARCON, FERNANDEZ, and WARDLAW, Circuit Judges.


This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by 9th Cir. R. 36-3.

David L. Welsh, a former accountant at Deloitte Touche ("Deloitte"), appeals from the district court's judgment denying his claim for disability benefits under a plan administered by Metropolitan Life Insurance Company ("MetLife") and regulated by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 ("ERISA"), 29 U.S.C. § 1132(a)(1)(B). We vacate and remand.

Mr. Welsh is incorrect that the district court failed to comply with the mandate of the order this Court issued in Welsh I. That order was addressed to the District Court for the Central District of California, in which Mr. Welsh filed Welsh I, not to the District Court for the Western District of Washington, which issued the judgment under review in this appeal. Our order in Welsh I instructed the District Court for the Central District of California on remand to "order MetLife to reexamine Welsh's claim applying the correct definition of disability and allow Welsh to supply records as necessary." Mr. Welsh admits, in his Opening Brief, that the District Court for the Central District of California instructed MetLife accordingly. Although Mr. Welsh contends that the District Court for the Western District of Washington failed to comply with our order in Welsh I in several respects, his arguments are more appropriately characterized as challenges to the merits of the district court's decision in this action.

Mr. Welsh also is incorrect that the district court should have applied a de novo standard of review to MetLife's denial of his claim because MetLife operated under a conflict of interest. After the district court rendered its judgment, we issued our en banc decision in Abatie v. Alta Health Life Ins. Co., 458 F.3d 955 (9th Cir. 2006) (en banc). We held in Abatie that the Supreme Court's decision in Firestone Tire and Rubber Co. v. Bruch, 489 U.S. 101, 109 S.Ct. 948, 103 L.Ed.2d 80 (1989) "require[s] abuse of discretion review whenever an ERISA plan grants discretion to the plan administrator, but a review informed by the nature, extent and effect on the decision-making process of any conflict of interest that may appear in the record." Abatie, 458 F.3d at 967. Thus, abuse of discretion is the correct standard of review in this case because the plan under which Mr. Welsh seeks benefits states that "the plan administrator and other plan fiduciaries shall have discretionary authority to interpret the terms of the plan and to determine eligibility for and entitlement to plan benefits in accordance with the terms of the plan."

Mr. Welsh argues that MetLife committed procedural violations of ERISA that were so serious as to warrant de novo review under Abatie despite the plan language conferring discretionary authority on MetLife. See id. at 971 (finding that de novo review is appropriate "[w]hen an administrator engages in wholesale and flagrant violations of the procedural requirements of ERISA, and thus acts in utter disregard of the underlying purpose of the plan as well."). De novo review is not warranted in this case because the alleged procedural violations on which Mr. Welsh bases his argument are less egregious than the conduct in Abatie, which we held did not trigger de novo review. Id. at 972.

We remand to permit the district court to evaluate MetLife's denial of Mr. Welsh's claim under Abatie, taking into account any conflict of interest created by MetLife's dual role as payer of benefits under the plan and decisionmaker regarding eligibility for plan benefits.

VACATED and REMANDED with instructions.