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United States Court of Appeals, Eighth CircuitSep 19, 2008
293 Fed. Appx. 426 (8th Cir. 2008)

No. 07-2997.

Submitted: September 4, 2008.

Filed: September 19, 2008.

Appeal from the United States District Court for the District of Nebraska.

Nancy A. Svoboda, U.S. Attorney's Office, Omaha, NE, for Appellee.

Andrew J. Hilger, Omaha, NE, for Appellant.

Before MELLOY, COLLOTON, and SHEPHERD, Circuit Judges.



Arketa Willis pleaded guilty to traveling in interstate commerce with intent to distribute the proceeds of an unlawful activity (namely, possession with intent to distribute and distribution of controlled substances) in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1952(a)(1). At sentencing, the district court rejected Willis's position that her base offense level should be 6 under U.S.S.G. § 2E1.2(a)(1). Rather, finding that the seized currency ($100,950) was the proceeds of marijuana sales, the court converted the currency into 36.6 kilograms of marijuana to arrive at a base offense level of 18. See U.S.S.G. § 2E1.2(a)(2) (use offense level applicable to underlying unlawful activity in respect to which travel was undertaken), § 2D1.1(a)(3), (c)(11). The court then sentenced Willis to 41 months in prison. She appeals, arguing that the district court's findings of fact for an upward adjustment under section 2E1.2(a)(2) were clearly erroneous because insufficient evidence existed of any underlying offense.

The Honorable Laurie Smith Camp, United States District Judge for the District of Nebraska.

We conclude that the district court did not clearly err in finding that the seized currency represented the proceeds of marijuana distribution for purposes of applying section 2E 1.2(a)(2). Likewise, we see no clear error in the court's conversion of the currency into a drug quantity. See United States v. King, 518 F.3d 571, 575 (8th Cir. 2008).

Accordingly, we affirm.