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United States Court of Appeals, Fourth CircuitJul 6, 2011
437 Fed. Appx. 269 (4th Cir. 2011)

No. 11-6476.

Submitted: June 20, 2011.

Decided: July 6, 2011.

Appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of Virginia, at Abingdon. James P. Jones, District Judge (1:07-cr-00039-JPJ-1; 1:10-cv-80279-JPJ-MFU).

Before KEENAN, WYNN, and DIAZ, Circuit Judges.

Dismissed by unpublished per curiam opinion.

Vanessa Dawn Willis, Appellant Pro Se. Jennifer R. Bockhorst, Zachary T. Lee, Steven Randall Ramseyer, Assistant United States Attorneys, Abingdon, Virginia, for Appellee.

Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.

Vanessa Dawn Willis seeks to appeal the district court's order denying relief on her 28 U.S.C. § 2255 (West Supp. 2010) motion. The order is not appealable unless a circuit justice or judge issues a certificate of appealability. 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(1)(B) (2006). A certificate of appealability will not issue absent "a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right." 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2) (2006). When the district court denies relief on the merits, a prisoner satisfies this standard by demonstrating that reasonable jurists would find that the district court's assessment of the constitutional claims is debatable or wrong.Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000);see Miller-El v. Cockrell, 537 U.S. 322, 336-38 (2003). When the district court denies relief on procedural grounds, the prisoner must demonstrate both that the dispositive procedural ruling is debatable, and that the motion states a debatable claim of the denial of a constitutional right. Slack, 529 U.S. at 484-85. We have independently reviewed the record and conclude that Willis has not made the requisite showing. Accordingly, we deny a certificate of appealability and dismiss the appeal. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process.


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