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United States Court of Appeals, Fifth CircuitJan 27, 2010
363 Fed. Appx. 298 (5th Cir. 2010)

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  • United States v. Monroe

    …This conclusory assertion, however, is insufficient to establish that Monroe would not have pleaded guilty if…

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  • noting waiver of argument raised initially in reply brief but observing that defendant's assertion that he "would not have pled guilty to a crime he did not commit" was "nevertheless unsupported by the record"

    Summary of this case from United States v. Monroe

No. 09-30249 Summary Calendar.

January 27, 2010.

Daniel P. Friel, Stephen A. Higginson, Assistant U.S. Attorney, U.S. Attorney's Office, New Orleans, LA, for Plaintiff-Appellee.

Robin Elise Schulberg, Virginia Laughlin Schlueter, Federal Public Defender's Office, New Orleans, LA, for Defendant-Appellant.

Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana, USDC No. 2:07-CR-422-1.

Before JOLLY, WIENER, and ELROD, Circuit Judges.

Harry Temple challenges his guilty plea for three counts of access device fraud, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(3), (a)(4), (a)(8), and one count of aggravated identity theft, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1028A(c)(4). Temple attached parasitic skimming devices to two automated teller machines (ATMs) in Metairie, Louisiana. He used these devices to capture at least one person's credit card number, a Nevada resident, which Temple used to purchase merchandise at a Home Depot located in Covington, Louisiana.

A parasitic skimming device is an electronic device that captures credit card account numbers.

Temple argues that the factual basis to which he pleaded guilty was insufficient to prove that his crimes affected interstate commerce. Temple reasons that the factual basis does not contain information that his victim lives outside of Louisiana, that the credit card was issued by an out-of-state bank, or that any payment crossed state lines.

Because Temple raises this issue for the first time on appeal, it is reviewed for plain error. United States v. Marek, 238 F.3d 310, 315 (5th Cir. 2001). To demonstrate plain error, Temple must show "(1) there is an error, (2) that is clear and obvious, and (3) that affects his substantial rights." Id. "If these factors are established, the decision to correct the forfeited error still lies within [the court's] sound discretion, which [it] will not exercise unless the error seriously affects the fairness, integrity, or public reputation of judicial proceedings." Id.

Regardless of whether the factual basis was sufficient to show that Temple's crimes affected interstate commerce, Temple cannot demonstrate plain error because he has failed to allege that any error "affected the outcome of the district court proceedings." United States v. Fernandez, 559 F.3d 303, 316 (5th Cir. 2009), cert. denied, ___ U.S. ___, 130 S.Ct. 139, 175 L.Ed.2d 36 (2009). That is, in his opening brief, Temple nowhere argues that he would not have pleaded guilty, but for the district court's determination that the factual basis was sufficient. Additionally, Temple's allegation, raised for the first time in his reply brief, that he "would not have pled guilty to a crime he did not commit" should not be considered and is nevertheless unsupported by the record. See United States v. Fields, 483 F.3d 313, 352 n. 36 (5th Cir. 2007). Accordingly, Temple fails to show that the purported error affected his substantial rights, and he therefore fails to show plain error. Fernandez, 559 F.3d at 316. AFFIRMED.

Finally, the Government filed a motion to dismiss Temple's appeal based on the appeal waiver and the fact that Temple cannot demonstrate plain error. In light of the foregoing, that motion is denied as moot. DENIED.