U.S.v.Russell

United States Court of Appeals, Fifth CircuitOct 29, 2010
399 Fed. Appx. 963 (5th Cir. 2010)

No. 09-40631 Summary Calendar.

October 29, 2010.

Traci Lynne Kenner, Assistant U.S. Attorney, U.S. Attorney's Office, Tyler, TX, Kerry M. Klintworth, Assistant U.S. Attorney, U.S. Attorney's Office, Beaumont, TX, for Plaintiff-Appellee.

Rodrick Chad Russell, Big Spring, TX, pro se.

Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas, USDC No. 1:07-CR-180-1.

Before DAVIS, SMITH, and SOUTHWICK, Circuit Judges.


Rodrick Chad Russell, federal prisoner # 13708-078, appeals the district court's denial of his motion pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) to reduce his sentence for possession with intent to distribute five grams or more of cocaine base. The Government has moved for summary affirmance or, in the alternative, for an extension of time to file a brief.

Russell argues that the district court abused its discretion in failing to reduce his sentence by two levels under the November 1, 2007, crack cocaine amendments to the Sentencing Guidelines, including Amendment 706. However, Russell was sentenced pursuant to Amendments 706 and 711, both of which became effective on November 1, 2007, before his sentencing. Additionally, to the extent that Russell's argument is liberally construed to contend that his sentence should be reduced under Amendment 715, which became effective on November 1, 2008, the application of the amendment would not have affected his guidelines range, and thus he is not entitled to a sentence reduction pursuant to § 3582(c)(2) on this basis. See United States v. Doublin, 572 F.3d 235, 237 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, ___ U.S. ___, 130 S.Ct. 517, 175 L.Ed.2d 366 (2009); U.S.S.G. § 1B1.10(a), p.s.

Liberally construed, Russell's brief also argues that the drug quantity for which he was held accountable and the two-level increase in his offense level pursuant to U.S.S.G. § 2D1.1(b)(1) were erroneously based on charges that were later dismissed and were calculated in violation of United States v. Booker, 543 U.S. 220, 125 S.Ct. 738, 160 L.Ed.2d 621 (2005), based on facts that were not charged in the indictment. However, a motion under § 3582(c)(2) "is not a second opportunity to present mitigating factors to the sentencing judge, nor is it a challenge to the appropriateness of the original sentence." United States v. Whitebird, 55 F.3d 1007, 1011 (5th Cir. 1995). Furthermore, this court has recognized that Booker did not alter the mandatory character of § 1B1.10's limitations on sentence reductions. See Doublin, 572 F.3d at 238. Therefore, these claims are not cognizable in a § 3582(c)(2) motion. See Whitebird, 55 F.3d at 1011; United States v. Evans, 587 F.3d 667, 674 (5th Cir. 2009), cert. denied, ___ U.S. ___, 130 S.Ct. 3462, 177 L.Ed.2d 1064 (2010).

In light of the foregoing, Russell has not shown that the district court abused its discretion in denying his § 3582(c)(2) motion. See Evans, 587 F.3d at 672. The motion for summary affirmance is GRANTED, the judgment of the district court is AFFIRMED, and the Government's alternative motion for an extension of time is DENIED as unnecessary.