Case No. 2:12-cv-00340-JHN-AJWx
CIVIL MINUTES - GENERAL
Present: The Honorable JACQUELINE H. NGUYEN
Court Reporter / Recorder
Attorneys Present for Plaintiffs:
Attorneys Present for Defendants:
Proceedings: ORDER REMANDING CASE TO LOS ANGELES COUNTY SUPERIOR COURT (In Chambers)
Removal to federal court is governed by 28 U.S.C. § 1441, which in relevant part states that "any civil action brought in a State court of which the district courts of the United States have original jurisdiction, may be removed by the defendant or the defendants." 28 U.S.C. § 1441(a). However, the Court may remand a case to state court for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c). "The burden of establishing federal jurisdiction is on the party invoking federal jurisdiction." U.S. v. Marks, 530 F.3d 799, 810 (9th Cir. 2008).
Under 28 U.S.C. § 1331, the Court has original jurisdiction over civil actions "arising under" federal law. Under 28 U.S.C. § 1332, the Court also has original jurisdiction over civil actions where there is complete diversity of citizenship and the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000. Morris v. Princess Cruises, Inc., 236 F.3d 1061, 1067 (9th Cir. 2001).
Defendant removed this matter to federal court on January 13, 2012. However, the Court lacks jurisdiction to hear this case. The Complaint's sole cause of action is for unlawful detainer, a state law claim. No federal question is presented on the face of the Complaint. Further, it appears that no diversity jurisdiction exists, as the demand is limited to "less than $10,000.00."
Accordingly, the Court hereby REMANDS this case to the Superior Court of California, Los Angeles County.