United Statesv.Lujano-Gonzalez

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT DISTRICT OF COLORADOMay 1, 2013
Case No. 13-CR-00160-PAB (D. Colo. May. 1, 2013)

Case No. 13-CR-00160-PAB

05-01-2013

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff, v. PEDRO LUJANO-GONZALEZ, Defendant.


FINDINGS OF FACT, CONCLUSIONS OF LAW and REASONS

FOR ORDER OF DETENTION

This matter is before the court for detention hearing on April 30, 2013. The court has taken judicial notice of the court's file and the pretrial services report. The defendant is not contesting detention.

In order to sustain a motion for detention, the government must establish that (a) there is no condition or combination of conditions which could be imposed in connection with pretrial release that would reasonably insure the defendant's presence for court proceedings; or (b) there is no condition or combination of conditions which could be imposed in connection with pretrial release that would reasonably insure the safety of any other person or the community. The former element must be established by a preponderance of the evidence, while the latter requires proof by clear and convincing evidence.

If there is probable cause to believe that the defendant committed an offense which carries a maximum term of imprisonment of over 10 years and is an offense prescribed by the Controlled Substances Act, a rebuttable presumption arises that no condition or combination of conditions will reasonably assure the appearance of the person as required and the safety of the community.

The Bail Reform Act, 18, U.S.C, § 3142(g), directs the court to consider the following factors in determining whether there are conditions of release that will reasonably assure the appearance of the defendant as required and the safety of any other person and the community:

(1) [t]he nature and circumstances of the offense charged, including whether the offense is a crime of violence or involves a narcotic drug;
(2) the weight of the evidence against the person;
(3) the history and characteristics of the person, including -

(A) the person's character, physical and mental condition, family ties, employment, financial resources, length of residence in the community, community ties, past conduct, history relating to drug or alcohol abuse, criminal history, and record concerning appearance at court proceedings; and
(B) whether at the time of the current offense or arrest, the person was on probation, on parole, or on other release pending trial, sentencing, appeal, or completion of sentence for an offense under Federal, State or local law; and

(4) the nature and seriousness of the danger to any person or the community that would be posed by the person's release.


The government is requesting detention in this case. In making my findings of fact, I have taken judicial notice of the information set forth in the pretrial services report and the entire court file, and have considered the proffer submitted by defense counsel and the arguments of counsel. Weighing the statutory factors set forth in the Bail Reform Act, I find the following:

First, the defendant has been charged in the Indictment as follows:

COUNT ONE: Title 21, United States Code, Sections 846 and 841(a)(1) and (b)(1)(A)(viii) - did knowingly and intentionally conspire to knowingly and intentionally distribute and possess with the intent to distribute 50 grams or more of methamphetamine (actual) and 500 grams or more of a mixture or substance containing a detectable amount of methamphetamine, a Schedule II controlled substance;
COUNT FIVE:
Title 21, United States Code, Sections 841(a)(1), and 841(b)(1)(B)(viii), knowingly and intentionally distribute and possess with the intent to distribute 50 grams or more but less than 500 grams of a mixture or substance containing a detectable amount of methamphetamine, a Schedule II controlled substance;
COUNT EIGHT:
Title 18, United States Code, Section 1956(h)- did conspire to commit money laundering;
COUNTS NINE, TEN, SIXTEEN, EIGHTEEN, TWENTY-SEVEN, THIRTY, THIRTY-FOUR, AND THIRTY-SIX:
Title 21, United States Code, Section 843(b) - did knowingly and intentionally use a communication facility, the telephone, in committing and in facilitating the commission of the offense of conspiracy to knowingly and intentionally distribute and possess with the intent to distribute 50 grams or more of methamphetamine (actual) and 500 grams or more of a mixture or substance containing a detectable amount of methamphetamine, a Schedule II controlled substance;
COUNTS TWELVE, FOURTEEN, SEVENTEEN, TWENTY-SIX, TWENTY-EIGHT, THIRTY-THREE:
Title 21, United States Code, Sections 841(a)(1), and 841(b)(1)(A)(viii), knowingly and intentionally
distribute and possess with the intent to distribute 50 grams or more of methamphetamine (actual) and 500 grams or more of a mixture or substance containing a detectable amount of methamphetamine, a Schedule II controlled substance
COUNT THIRTY-FIVE:
Title 21, United States Code, Section 861(a)(1), use of a person under 18 years of age to use a communication facility, the telephone, in committing and in facilitating the commission of the offense of conspiracy to knowingly and intentionally distribute and possess with the intent to distribute 50 grams or more of methamphetamine (actual) and 500 grams or more of a mixture or substance containing a detectable amount of methamphetamine;
Forfeiture Allegation:
Title 21 U.S.C. § 853.


Based upon the Indictment, I find probable cause exists that the defendant committed the charged offenses.

Second, I find that the Defendant is in the United States illegally. There is an ICE detainer that has been lodged against the Defendant. Defendant was born in Mexico and is a citizen of Mexico. Defendant does not posses a valid Colorado driver's license. Defendant has suffered one prior failure to appear. Defendant dopes appear to have any familial or financial ties to Colorado and his time in community is unknown. Defendant's employment status is unknown. Defendant is a flight risk.

In light of these facts, and his immigration status, I find, by a preponderance of evidence, that no condition or combination of conditions of release will reasonably assure the appearance of the defendant. Accordingly, I order that the defendant be detained without bond.

BY THE COURT

_______________


Michael J. Watanabe


U.S. Magistrate Judge