Criminal Action 2:19-cr-023
JUDGE JAMES L. GRAHAM
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
Defendant Hermilo Juarez-Gomez previously pleaded not guilty to an Indictment that charges him with illegal reentry into the United States after removal following conviction of a felony, in violation of 8 U.S.C. § 1326(a), (b)(1). Indictment, ECF No. 13. The United States and defendant Raul thereafter entered into a plea agreement, executed pursuant to the provisions of Rule 11(c)(1)(C) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, whereby defendant agreed to enter a plea of guilty to that charge. On June 12, 2019, defendant, accompanied by his counsel and assisted by a Spanish translator, appeared for a change of plea proceeding. Defendant consented, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §636(b)(3), to enter a guilty plea before a Magistrate Judge. See United States v. Cukaj, 2001 WL 1587410 at *1 (6th Cir. 2001)(Magistrate Judge may accept a guilty plea with the express consent of the defendant and where no objection to the report and recommendation is filed).
The Indictment actually refers to Title "18" of the United States Code, rather than to Title 8. The government moved at the arraignment to amend that reference to Title "8" and, there being no objection by defendant, that motion was granted. See Minute Entry, ECF No. 17.
The Plea Agreement, ECF No. 18, was executed pursuant to the provisions of Fed. R. Crim. P. 11(c)(1)(C) and includes an appellate waiver provision that preserves only certain claims for appeal. In the Plea Agreement, defendant also acknowledged the immigration consequences of his guilty plea.
A change of plea proceeding was originally held on May 8, 2019. Because the Plea Agreement did not expressly address the possibility of a fine, however, the proceeding was continued to permit the parties to further consider that issue. At the June 12, 2019, change of plea proceeding, the parties agreed that the issue of a fine is intended to be left to the District Judge's determination at sentencing. --------
During the plea proceeding, the undersigned observed the appearance and responsiveness of defendant in answering questions. Based on that observation, the undersigned is satisfied that, at the time he entered his guilty plea, defendant was in full possession of his faculties, was not suffering from any apparent physical or mental illness and was not under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
Prior to accepting defendant's plea, the undersigned addressed defendant personally and in open court and determined his competence to plead. Based on the observations of the undersigned, defendant understands the nature and meaning of the charge in the Indictment and the consequences of his plea of guilty to that charge. Defendant was also addressed personally and in open court and advised of each of the rights referred to in Rule 11 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure.
Having engaged in the colloquy required by Rule 11, the Court concludes that defendant's plea is voluntary. Defendant acknowledged that the plea agreement signed by him, his attorney and the attorney for the United States and filed on March 12, 2019, and - as it relates to the issue of a fine - as further explained at the June 12, 2019, change of plea proceeding, represents the only promises made by anyone regarding the charge in the Indictment. Defendant was advised that the District Judge may accept or reject the plea agreement. Defendant was further advised that, if the Court refuses to accept the plea agreement, defendant will have the opportunity to withdraw his guilty plea but that, if he does not withdraw his guilty plea, the District Judge may impose a sentence that is more severe than the sentence contemplated in the plea agreement, up to the statutory maximum.
Defendant confirmed the accuracy of the statement of facts supporting the charge, which is attached to the Plea Agreement. He confirmed that he is pleading guilty to Count 1 of the Indictment because he is in fact guilty of that offense. The Court concludes that there is a factual basis for the plea.
The Court concludes that defendant's plea of guilty to Count 1 of the Indictment is knowingly and voluntarily made with understanding of the nature and meaning of the charge and of the consequences of the plea.
It is therefore RECOMMENDED that defendant's guilty plea to Count 1 of the Indictment be accepted. Decision on acceptance or rejection of the plea agreement was deferred for consideration by the District Judge after the preparation of a presentence investigation report.
In accordance with S.D. Ohio Crim. R. 32.1, and as expressly agreed to by defendant through counsel, a written presentence investigation report will be prepared by the United States Probation Office. Defendant will be asked to provide information; defendant's attorney may be present if defendant so wishes. Objections to the presentence report must be made in accordance with the rules of this Court.
If any party seeks review by the District Judge of this Report and Recommendation, that party may, within fourteen (14) days, file and serve on all parties objections to the Report and Recommendation, specifically designating this Report and Recommendation, and the part thereof in question, as well as the basis for objection thereto. 28 U.S.C. §636(b)(1); F.R. Civ. P. 72(b). Response to objections must be filed within fourteen (14) days after being served with a copy thereof. F.R. Civ. P. 72(b).
The parties are specifically advised that failure to object to the Report and Recommendation will result in a waiver of the right to de novo review by the District Judge and of the right to appeal the decision of the District Court adopting the Report and Recommendation. See Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140 (1985); Smith v. Detroit Federation of Teachers, Local 231 etc., 829 F.2d 1370 (6th Cir. 1987); United States v. Walters, 638 F.2d 947 (6th Cir. 1981). June 12, 2019
s/ Norah McCann King
Norah McCann King
United States Magistrate Judge