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United States v. Happel

UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
May 21, 2019
No. 19-6290 (4th Cir. May. 21, 2019)

Opinion

No. 19-6290

05-21-2019

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. BRIAN MICHAEL HAPPEL, Defendant - Appellant.

Brian Michael Happel, Appellant Pro Se.


UNPUBLISHED

Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, at Norfolk. Robert G. Doumar, Senior District Judge. (2:95-cr-00013-1) Before DIAZ and THACKER, Circuit Judges, and HAMILTON, Senior Circuit Judge. Vacated and remanded with instructions by unpublished per curiam opinion. Brian Michael Happel, Appellant Pro Se. Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit. PER CURIAM:

Brian M. Happel appeals the district court's order denying his motion to expunge his criminal record. The district court found no extreme or exceptional circumstances supporting expungement, pursuant to Allen v. Webster, 742 F.2d 153, 155 (4th Cir. 1984). See United States v. Happel, No. 2:95-cr-00013-1 (E.D. Va. Feb. 11, 2019). We conclude, however, that federal ancillary jurisdiction does not extend to petitions for equitable expungement. See Kokkonen v. Guardian Life Ins. Co. of Am., 511 U.S. 375, 379-81 (1994); see also Rice v. Rivera, 617 F.3d 802, 807 (4th Cir. 2010) (recognizing that "[e]very federal appellate court has a special obligation to satisfy itself not only of its own jurisdiction, but also that of the lower courts in a cause under review" (internal quotation marks omitted)).

Accordingly, we vacate the district court's order and remand this matter to the district court with instructions to dismiss Happel's motion for lack of jurisdiction. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before this court and argument would not aid the decisional process.

VACATED AND REMANDED WITH INSTRUCTIONS


Summaries of

United States v. Happel

UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
May 21, 2019
No. 19-6290 (4th Cir. May. 21, 2019)
Case details for

United States v. Happel

Case Details

Full title:UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. BRIAN MICHAEL HAPPEL…

Court:UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT

Date published: May 21, 2019

Citations

No. 19-6290 (4th Cir. May. 21, 2019)

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