No. CIV 13-0155 RB/LAM
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court on Plaintiff's Motion to Strike Maria Chavez's Answer for Lack of Standing (Doc. 78), Second Motion to Strike Maria Chavez's Answer (Doc. 94), and Third Motion to Strike Maria Chavez's Answer (Doc. 116). Claimant Maria Chavez did not respond to these motions. Having carefully considered the court record and relevant law, the Court GRANTS these motions.
On February 15, 2013, Plaintiff filed a Verified Complaint for Forfeiture In Rem, seeking forfeiture of currency, vehicles, and real property pursuant to 21 U.S.C. §§ 881(a)(4), 881(a)(6), and 881(a)(7). (Doc. 1). On April 12, 2013, Maria Chavez, through attorney Matthew E. Ortiz, filed an unverified Answer to Complaint for Forfeiture and Expedited Motion for Return of Property on behalf of Maria Chavez, asserting an interest in real property located at 2815 Birdie Loop, Alamogordo, New Mexico; a 2002 Chevrolet Silverado truck; and $32,455.05 in United States currency. (Doc. 56). Maria Chavez did not file a claim to any of the property.
On August 6, 2013, Plaintiff served a set of fourteen interrogatories on Maria Chavez. (Doc. 79). The purpose of the interrogatories was to explore the substance and validity of Maria Chavez's claim to the real and personal property at issue. (Id.) Maria Chavez did not respond to these interrogatories.
On September 23, 2013, Plaintiff served a set of nine interrogatories on Maria Chavez. (Doc. 99). The purpose of these interrogatories was to explore the substance and validity of Maria Chavez's claim to the real property at issue. (Id.) Maria Chavez did not respond to these interrogatories.
This is a civil forfeiture action in rem against the property at issue (Doc. 1). Thus, the government is the plaintiff and the property is the defendant. See United States v. $5,565.000 in United States Currency, 2010 WL 4256211, *2 (D. Colo. 2010). A person claiming seized property is not a party to the action, but is a third-party intervenor. Id. Civil forfeiture actions in rem are governed by Rule G of the Supplemental Rules for Admiralty or Maritime Claims & Asset Forfeiture Actions. The requirements set forth in the Supplemental Rules "must be strictly enforced." United States v. $25,790 U.S. Currency, 2010 WL 2671754 at *2 (D. Md. 2010).
Supplemental Rule G(5) explicitly requires two responsive pleadings: (a) a claim, and (b) an answer. Supp. R. G(5)(a) and (b). "The claim and the answer, though similar, serve distinct purposes." United States v. United States Currency in Sum of $261,480, 2002 WL 827420, at *1 n. 3 (E.D.N.Y. 2002). A claim "insures that any party who wishes to defend a forfeiture action will be forced to swear [her] interest in the forfeited property." Id. at *1 n. 3. An answer "serves its normal function - "to state in short and plain terms [the] defense to each claim asserted . . . and to admit or deny the averments upon which the adverse party relies." Id.
In order to establish standing to challenge the seizure of property, a person must file a verified claim as required by Rule G(5). $25,790 U.S. Currency, 2010 WL 2671754 at *2; United States v. $1,437.00 in U.S. Currency, 242 F.Supp.2d 193, 196 (W.D.N.Y. 2002). If a claimant fails to file both a claim and an answer in a timely manner, she lacks statutory standing to assert her claim. Id.; United States v. One-Sixth Share, 326 F.3d 36, 41 (1st Cir. 2003); United States v. Approximately Twenty Mexican Gold Coins, 637 F.Supp.2d 957, 958 (D. Kan. 2009). Maria Chavez does not dispute that she failed to file a claim with respect to the property as required by Supplemental Rule G(5). Consequently, she lacks statutory standing to proceed in this case.
In addition, Maria Chavez failed to comply with Supplemental Rule G(6)(a), which provides "[t]he government may serve special interrogatories limited to the claimant's identity and relationship to the defendant property without the court's leave at any time after the claim is filed and before discovery is closed." Id. Supplemental Rule G(6)(b) requires "answers or objections to interrogatories must be served within 21 days after the interrogatories are served." Id. If a claimant fails to comply with Supplemental Rule G(6), the Court must strike the claim. See Suppl. R. G(8)(c)(i)(A); United States v. $27,970.00 in U.S. Currency, 2010 WL 933762 (S.D. Ga. 2010) (striking the claim and answer of claimant for failure to comply with Supplemental Rule G(6)). In the present case, Maria Chavez has clearly failed to comply with the Supplemental Rules.
IT IS ORDERED that Plaintiff's Motion to Strike Maria Chavez's Answer for Lack of Standing (Doc. 78), Second Motion to Strike Maria Chavez's Answer (Doc. 94), and Third Motion to Strike Maria Chavez's Answer (Doc. 116) are GRANTED.
ROBERT C. BRACK
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE