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United States Court of Appeals, Fifth CircuitJun 16, 2010
382 Fed. Appx. 356 (5th Cir. 2010)

No. 09-41240 Summary Calendar.

June 16, 2010.

J. Umoren, Dallas, TX, pro se.

Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas, U.S.D.C. No. 4:09-CV-413.

Before KING, STEWART, and HAYNES, Circuit Judges.

J. Umoren appeals the magistrate judge's denial of his motion to appoint counsel. The district court record reveals no motion for reconsideration or similar filing seeking a ruling of the district court. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(A); E.D. TEX.R. CV-72; E.D. TEX.R. app. B, R. 4(A). Nor does the record reveal any ruling by the district court in this regard. "The law is settled that appellate courts are without jurisdiction to hear appeals directly from federal magistrates." United States v. Renfro, 620 F.2d 497, 500 (5th Cir. 1980) (pretrial matters may be referred to magistrate judges under § 636(b)(1)(A), but appeals must first go to the district court); see also United States v. Schultz, 565 F.3d 1353, 1357 (11th Cir. 2009) (applying Renfro to questions involving representation by counsel). Our analysis is unchanged even if the magistrate judge acted under the general authority of § 636(b)(3), as some precedent suggests may govern the appointment of counsel in civil cases. See Washington v. Estelle, 648 F.2d 276, 281 (5th Cir. 1981); FED.R.CIV.P. 72 advisory committee's note ("This rule does not restrict experimentation by the district courts under 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(3) involving references of matters other than pretrial matters, such as appointment of counsel. . . ."). As we have explained, "[i]f subsection (b) is applicable, . . . no direct appeal to the Court of Appeals from the ma gistrate's decision is possible," Glover v. Ala. Bd. of Corrections, 660 F.2d 120, 121 (5th Cir. 1981); see also McLeod, Alexander, Powel Apffel, P.C. v. Quarles, 925 F.2d 853, 856 n. 5 (5th Cir. 1991), regardless of the particular source of authority within that subsection.

The "limited exception" to this rule is not applicable here, as there is no indication that Umoren consented to proceedings before a magistrate. See Donaldson v. Ducote, 373 F.3d 622, 624-25 (5th Cir. 2004); see also 28 U.S.C. § 636(c).

Accordingly, this appeal is DISMISSED for want of jurisdiction.