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Toska v. Campbell

Michigan Court of Appeals
Jul 25, 1986
155 Mich. App. 671 (Mich. Ct. App. 1986)


Docket No. 82532.

Decided July 25, 1986.

Thomas H. Bleakley, P.C. (by Mary R. Minnet), for plaintiff.

Franklin, Petrulis, Bigler, Berry Johnston, P.C. (by Bruce E. Bigler), for defendant Bay Medical Center.

Before: D.E. HOLBROOK, JR., P.J., and T.M. BURNS and HOOD, JJ.

In this medical malpractice case, defendant Bay Medical Center appeals by leave granted from the November 8, 1984, interlocutory order of the circuit court denying defendant's motion for entry of an order compelling arbitration.

This is the second time that the instant case has been before this Court. Prior to this appeal, defendant sought leave to appeal from the trial judge's December 15, 1981, order denying defendant's motion for accelerated judgment in which the trial judge ruled that the Michigan Malpractice Arbitration Act, MCL 600.5040 et seq.; MSA 27A.5040 et seq., was unconstitutional.

On April 29, 1982, this Court granted defendant's application for leave to appeal from that order, but held the appeal in abeyance pending a decision by the Supreme Court on the same issue in Morris v Metriyakool, 418 Mich. 423; 344 N.W.2d 736 (1984). ( Toska v Campbell, Court of Appeals Docket No. 62531.) On April 19, 1984, after the Supreme Court in Morris, supra, upheld the constitutionality of the Malpractice Arbitration Act, this Court peremptorily reversed the trial court's December 15, 1981, order, remanded the cause and instructed the trial judge to enter an order submitting the matter to arbitration.

Subsequently, on May 22, 1984, defendant filed a notice of entry of order compelling arbitration with the trial court. Plaintiff objected on the ground that an evidentiary hearing should be held to determine whether plaintiff's mother voluntarily and knowingly signed the arbitration agreement. After oral argument in the matter, the trial judge determined that this issue had not been decided by the Court of Appeals. Therefore, according to the court, it was necessary and appropriate to hold an evidentiary hearing on that issue prior to submitting the case to arbitration. As a result, the trial judge denied defendant's motion for entry of an order compelling arbitration. Defendant now appeals by leave granted.

On appeal, defendant contends that the trial court's order for an evidentiary hearing violated this Court's order remanding the case for submission to arbitration proceedings. The first basis for defendant's contention is that the trial court was without jurisdiction to grant relief inconsistent with this Court's order. The second basis is that this Court's order in the first appeal constituted the law of the case, thereby precluding the trial court from ordering the evidentiary hearing prior to submitting the matter to arbitration.

In Sokel v Nickoli, 356 Mich. 460, 464; 97 N.W.2d 1 (1959), our Supreme Court stated that the power of the lower court on remand after an appeal is to take such action as law and justice may require as long as that action is not inconsistent with the judgment of the appellate court. See also Bray v Dep't of State, 97 Mich. App. 33, 37; 294 N.W.2d 236 (1980), rev'd on other grounds 418 Mich. 149; 341 N.W.2d 92 (1983), cert den 467 U.S. 1252; 104 S Ct 3537 82 L Ed 2d 842 (1984).

The law of the case doctrine provides that, where an appellate court has passed on a legal question and remanded a case for further proceedings, the legal questions determined by that appellate court will not be differently determined on a subsequent appeal in the same case where the facts remain materially the same. This doctrine applies only to those questions determined by an appellate court's prior decision and to those questions which are necessary to the court's determination. United States Fidelity Guaranty Co v Liberty Mutual Ins Co, 127 Mich. App. 365, 370-371; 339 N.W.2d 185 (1983), lv den 418 Mich. 917 (1984). It is clear that, in the first appeal, this Court did not consider the voluntariness issue because the order resulting from that appeal stated that the sole issue before the court was whether the Malpractice Arbitration Act of 1975 was constitutional. Because the instant issue was neither considered nor necessary to the first decision from this Court, that decision does not constitute the law of the case as to this issue.

Nevertheless, this Court reversed the lower court's decision and remanded the case with specific instructions to submit the case to arbitration. The present trial court's order, denying defendant's motion to compel arbitration and granting the evidentiary hearing, is in direct contravention of that order and is therefore in error. Compare The Gray Eagles, Inc v Lucchesi, 50 Mich. App. 82; 212 N.W.2d 749 (1973); George v Wayne Circuit Judge, 336 Mich. 543; 58 N.W.2d 915 (1953).

We would point out that the proper procedure for clarifying this Court's order in a case such as this is to file with this Court a motion for rehearing pursuant to MCR 7.215(H). See Taylor v Lint, 338 Mich. 673, 675; 62 N.W.2d 453 (1954).

Reversed and remanded.

D.E. HOLBROOK, JR, P.J., concurs in result only.

Summaries of

Toska v. Campbell

Michigan Court of Appeals
Jul 25, 1986
155 Mich. App. 671 (Mich. Ct. App. 1986)
Case details for

Toska v. Campbell

Case Details


Court:Michigan Court of Appeals

Date published: Jul 25, 1986


155 Mich. App. 671 (Mich. Ct. App. 1986)
400 N.W.2d 617

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