Jacobson & Schwartz, LLP, Jericho, NY (Henry J. Cernitz of counsel), for defendants third-party defendants-appellants-respondents. Sobel Law Group, LLC, Huntington, NY (Curtis Sobel and Sean Callahan of counsel), for defendants third-party plaintiffs-respondents-appellants. Raskin and Kremins, LLP (Alexander J. Wulwick, New York, NY, of counsel), for plaintiffs-respondents.
Jacobson & Schwartz, LLP, Jericho, NY (Henry J. Cernitz of counsel), for defendants third-party defendants-appellants-respondents.
Sobel Law Group, LLC, Huntington, NY (Curtis Sobel and Sean Callahan of counsel), for defendants third-party plaintiffs-respondents-appellants.
Raskin and Kremins, LLP (Alexander J. Wulwick, New York, NY, of counsel), for plaintiffs-respondents.
L. PRISCILLA HALL, J.P., SANDRA L. SGROI, JOSEPH J. MALTESE, and COLLEEN D. DUFFY, JJ.
In an action to recover damages for personal injuries, etc., the defendants third-party defendants appeal, as limited by their brief, from so much of an order of the Supreme Court, Queens County (Velasquez, J.), entered September 8, 2015, as denied their motion for summary judgment dismissing the amended complaint, the third-party complaint, and all cross claims insofar as asserted against them, and the defendants third-party plaintiffs cross-appeal, as limited by their brief, from so much of the same order as denied their cross motion for summary judgment dismissing the amended complaint and all cross claims insofar as asserted against them.
ORDERED that the order is affirmed, with one bill of costs payable to the plaintiffs by the defendants third-party plaintiffs and the defendants third-party defendants.
The plaintiff Howard Taub (hereinafter the injured plaintiff) allegedly was shopping on premises owned by the defendant third-party plaintiff JMDH Real Estate of Garden City Warehouse, LLC, and operated by the defendant third-party plaintiff Restaurant Depot Enterprises, LLC (hereinafter together the defendants), when cases of cooking oil fell from a wooden pallet held aloft by a hi-lo device, hitting his head. The injured plaintiff, and his wife suing derivatively, thereafter commenced this action against the defendants to recover damages for personal injuries. The defendants, in turn, commenced a third-party action against the cooking oil suppliers, the defendants third-party defendants Admiration Foods and Supreme Oil Company, Inc. (hereinafter together the third-party defendants). The plaintiffs amended the complaint to assert a cause of action alleging negligence against the third-party defendants, and the defendants and third-party defendants asserted cross claims for indemnification and contribution against each other.
The third-party defendants moved for summary judgment and the defendants cross-moved for summary judgment. The Supreme Court denied the motion and the cross motion.
"Store owners are charged with the duty of keeping their premises in a reasonably safe condition for the benefit of their customers" (Russo v. Home Goods, Inc., 119 A.D.3d 924, 925, 990 N.Y.S.2d 95 ; see Peralta v. Henriquez, 100 N.Y.2d 139, 143, 760 N.Y.S.2d 741, 790 N.E.2d 1170 ). To be entitled to summary judgment in a premises liability case, the defendant is required to show, prima facie, that it maintained its premises in a reasonably safe condition and that it did not have notice of or create a dangerous condition that posed a foreseeable risk of injury to persons expected to be on the premises (see Gradwohl v. Stop & Shop Supermarket Co., LLC, 70 A.D.3d 634, 636, 896 N.Y.S.2d 85 ).
Here, the defendants failed to eliminate triable issues of fact as to whether they maintained their premises in a reasonably safe condition and did not create the alleged hazardous condition (see Torres v. 63 Perry Realty, LLC, 123 A.D.3d 911, 913–914, 1 N.Y.S.3d 142 ; Hinds v. Wal–Mart Stores, Inc., 52 A.D.3d 1218, 1218–1219, 859 N.Y.S.2d 830 ). In particular, there are triable issues of fact as to whether the defendants created an unreasonable and foreseeable risk of injury by removing pallets heavily loaded with merchandise from high shelves during business hours without warning the injured plaintiff to keep a safe distance away or otherwise preventing him from approaching too closely.
As for the third-party defendants, to provide constructive notice, "a defect must be visible and apparent and it must exist for a sufficient length of time prior to the accident to permit defendant's employees to discover and remedy it" (Gordon v. American Museum of Natural History, 67 N.Y.2d 836, 837, 501 N.Y.S.2d 646, 492 N.E.2d 774 ). "[C]onstructive notice will not be imputed where a defect is latent and would not be discoverable upon reasonable inspection" (Curiale v. Sharrotts Woods, Inc., 9 A.D.3d 473, 475, 781 N.Y.S.2d 47 ;
see Lal v. Ching Po Ng, 33 A.D.3d 668, 823 N.Y.S.2d 429 ; Lee v. Bethel First Pentecostal Church of Am., 304 A.D.2d 798, 762 N.Y.S.2d 80 ; Monroe v. City of New York, 67 A.D.2d 89, 93, 414 N.Y.S.2d 718 ).
Here, the third-party defendants submitted the transcript of the deposition testimony of a logistics and shipping employee who testified generally as to the third-party defendants' inspection of pallets before packing them with oil. That employee lacked personal knowledge as to when this specific pallet was last inspected, whether pallets were inspected for defects other than missing wooden slats, and the extent to which the third-party defendants received prior complaints about defective pallets. The third-party defendants thereby failed to eliminate triable issues of fact, among other things, as to whether they lacked constructive notice of the defect in the pallet or whether the defect was latent (see Milorava v. Lord & Taylor Holdings, LLC, 133 A.D.3d 724, 725–726, 20 N.Y.S.3d 398 ; McGough v. Cryan, Inc., 111 A.D.3d 900, 901, 976 N.Y.S.2d 135 ; Sherry v. Wal–Mart Stores E., L.P., 67 A.D.3d 992, 993–994, 889 N.Y.S.2d 251 ).
As neither the defendants nor the third-party defendants satisfied their prima facie burden, we need not consider the sufficiency of the opposing papers (see Winegrad v. New York Univ. Med. Ctr., 64 N.Y.2d 851, 853, 487 N.Y.S.2d 316, 476 N.E.2d 642 ).