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Sulindro v. Holder

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit
Nov 23, 2010
404 F. App'x 223 (9th Cir. 2010)


No. 08-71075.

Submitted November 16, 2010.

The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed.R.App.P. 34(a)(2).

Filed November 23, 2010.

Albert C. Lum, Sr., Esquire, Law Office of Albert C. Lum, Pasadena, CA, for Petitioner.

Richard M. Evans, Esquire, Assistant Director, OIL, Kevin James Conway, Esquire, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, DC, CAC-District Counsel, Esquire, Office of the District Counsel Department of Homeland Security, Los Angeles, CA, Ronald E. Lefevre, Office of the District Counsel Department of Homeland Security, San Francisco, CA, for Respondent.

On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals. Agency Nos. A096-356-396, A096-356-397, A096-356-481, A096-356-482.

Before: TASHIMA, BERZON, and CLIFTON, Circuit Judges.


This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by 9th Cir. R. 36-3.

Yulunta Sulindro and his family, natives and citizens of Indonesia, petition for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals' order dismissing their appeal from an immigration judge's decision denying their claims for withholding of removal and protection under the Convention Against Torture ("CAT"). We have jurisdiction under 8 U.S.C. § 1252. We review for substantial evidence factual findings. See Zehatye v. Gonzales, 453 F.3d 1182, 1184-85 (9th Cir. 2006). We deny the petition for review.

We decline to consider petitioners' argument regarding the pattern and practice of persecution of Christians in Indonesia. See Bazuaye v. INS, 79 F.3d 118, 120 (9th Cir. 1996) (per curiam) ("Issues raised for the first time in the reply brief are waived."). We also decline to consider the new evidence petitioners reference in their opening brief because our review is limited to the administrative record underlying the immigration judge's decision. See Fisher v. INS, 79 F.3d 955, 963 (9th Cir. 1996) (en banc).

Substantial evidence supports the agency's determination that the incidents of mistreatment at issue, including Sulindro's beating by students from a rival school after a basketball game, the motorcycle pursuit of his wife by suspected Jihad members, and the violence his wife witnessed during riots in Jakarta in 1998, do not establish past persecution. See Wakkary v. Holder, 558 F.3d 1049, 1059-60 (9th Cir. 2009) (discriminatory mistreatment including beatings and robberies by native Indonesian youths and being accosted by hostile mob did not compel finding of past persecution). Further, even as members of a disfavored group, petitioners have not demonstrated the requisite individualized risk of persecution. See Hoxha v. Ashcroft, 319 F.3d 1179, 1184-85 (9th Cir. 2003); see also Wakkary, 558 F.3d at 1066 ("An applicant for withholding of removal will need to adduce a considerably larger quantum of individualized-risk evidence to prevail. . . ."). Accordingly, we deny the petition as to petitioners' withholding of removal claim.

Finally, substantial evidence also supports the agency's denial of CAT relief because petitioners failed to establish it is more likely than not they would be tortured if removed to Indonesia. See Wakkary, 558 F.3d at 1067-68.


Summaries of

Sulindro v. Holder

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit
Nov 23, 2010
404 F. App'x 223 (9th Cir. 2010)
Case details for

Sulindro v. Holder

Case Details

Full title:Yulunta SULINDRO; et al., Petitioners, v. Eric H. HOLDER, Jr., Attorney…

Court:United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit

Date published: Nov 23, 2010


404 F. App'x 223 (9th Cir. 2010)