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Stewart v. Heralall

Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Second Department, New York.
Apr 9, 2014
116 A.D.3d 760 (N.Y. App. Div. 2014)

Opinion

2014-04-9

Michael STEWART, appellant, v. Sudkeo HERALALL, et al., respondents.

Ofodile & Associates, P.C., Brooklyn, N.Y. (Anthony C. Ofodile of counsel), for appellant. The Law Office of David S. Klausner, PLLC, White Plains, N.Y. (Stephen Slater of counsel), for respondents.



Ofodile & Associates, P.C., Brooklyn, N.Y. (Anthony C. Ofodile of counsel), for appellant. The Law Office of David S. Klausner, PLLC, White Plains, N.Y. (Stephen Slater of counsel), for respondents.
PETER B. SKELOS, J.P., JOHN M. LEVENTHAL, CHERYL E. CHAMBERS, and JOSEPH J. MALTESE, JJ.

In an action to recover damages for personal injuries, the plaintiff appeals from a judgment of the Supreme Court, Kings County (Solomon, J.), dated May 31, 2012, which, upon the granting of the defendants' motion pursuant to CPLR 4401, made at the close of the plaintiff's case, for judgment as a matter of law dismissing the complaint, is in favor of the defendants and against him dismissing the complaint.

ORDERED that the judgment is reversed, on the law, with costs, the defendants' motion pursuant to CPLR 4401 for judgment as a matter of law dismissing the complaint is denied, the complaint is reinstated,and the matter is remitted to the Supreme Court, Kings County, for a new trial.

The plaintiff allegedly tripped and fell when he stepped from the defendants' driveway onto outdoor carpeting located next to their driveway, sustaining personal injuries. The plaintiff then commenced this action against the defendants, and the case proceeded to trial on the issue of liability. At the close of the plaintiff's case, the Supreme Court granted the defendants' motion pursuant to CPLR 4401 for judgment as a matter of law dismissing the complaint.

To be awarded judgment as a matter of law pursuant to CPLR 4401, a defendant must show that, upon viewing the evidence in the light most favorable to the plaintiff, there is no rational basis by which the jury could find for the plaintiff against the moving defendant ( see Godlewska v. Niznikiewicz, 8 A.D.3d 430, 779 N.Y.S.2d 79;Lyons v. McCauley, 252 A.D.2d 516, 517, 675 N.Y.S.2d 375;Farrukh v. Board of Educ. of City of N.Y., 227 A.D.2d 440, 441, 643 N.Y.S.2d 118;Hughes v. New York Hosp.-Cornell Med. Ctr., 195 A.D.2d 442, 443, 600 N.Y.S.2d 145. The plaintiff's evidence must be accepted as true, and the plaintiff is entitled to every favorable inference that can be reasonably drawn therefrom ( see Wong v. Tang, 2 A.D.3d 840, 769 N.Y.S.2d 381;Farrukh v. Board of Educ. of City of N.Y., 227 A.D.2d 440, 643 N.Y.S.2d 118).

“[W]hether a dangerous or defective condition exists on the property of another so as to create liability depends on the peculiar facts and circumstances of each case and is generally a question of fact for the jury” ( Trincere v. County of Suffolk, 90 N.Y.2d 976, 977, 665 N.Y.S.2d 615, 688 N.E.2d 489 [citations omitted]; see Aguayo v. New York City Hous. Auth., 71 A.D.3d 926, 897 N.Y.S.2d 239;Copley v. Town of Riverhead, 70 A.D.3d 623, 895 N.Y.S.2d 452).

Here, the plaintiff demonstrated that there is a rational basis by which the jury could find for him and against the defendants ( see Trincere v. County of Suffolk, 90 N.Y.2d at 977–978, 665 N.Y.S.2d 615, 688 N.E.2d 489;Godlewska v. Niznikiewicz, 8 A.D.3d at 431, 779 N.Y.S.2d 79). Contrary to the Supreme Court's determination, the plaintiff presented sufficient evidence for the jury to conclude that the defendants had notice of the alleged dangerous condition of their driveway and of the outdoor carpeting located next to their driveway. The plaintiff testified that, at the time of the alleged incident, the driveway had potholes and that the outdoor carpeting was buckled, and the defendant Sudkeo Heralall testified that the driveway had cracks and that the outdoor carpeting had ridges. From this testimony, the jury could have rationally concluded that the defendants had notice of the alleged dangerous condition that caused the plaintiff's injuries ( see generally Gordon v. American Museum of Natural History, 67 N.Y.2d 836, 837–838, 501 N.Y.S.2d 646, 492 N.E.2d 774).

Accordingly, the Supreme Court erred in granting the defendants' motion pursuant CPLR 4401 for judgment as a matter of law at the close of the plaintiff's case.

The plaintiff's remaining argument on appeal, that the Supreme Court improperly permitted the defendants to impeach him with a certificate of conviction, is without merit ( see People v. Schwartzman, 24 N.Y.2d 241, 244, 299 N.Y.S.2d 817, 247 N.E.2d 642).


Summaries of

Stewart v. Heralall

Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Second Department, New York.
Apr 9, 2014
116 A.D.3d 760 (N.Y. App. Div. 2014)
Case details for

Stewart v. Heralall

Case Details

Full title:Michael STEWART, appellant, v. Sudkeo HERALALL, et al., respondents.

Court:Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Second Department, New York.

Date published: Apr 9, 2014

Citations

116 A.D.3d 760 (N.Y. App. Div. 2014)
116 A.D.3d 760
2014 N.Y. Slip Op. 2424

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