The Supreme Court of WashingtonMay 23, 1929
152 Wn. 284 (Wash. 1929)
152 Wn. 284280 P. 930277 P. 856152 Wash. 284

No. 21657. Department One.

May 23, 1929.

INTOXICATING LIQUORS (42) — INFORMATION — PRIOR CONVICTIONS. Rem. Comp. Stat., § 7339, authorizing increased punishments on subsequent convictions of violations of the liquor laws is not violative of any of accused's rights under the Federal or state constitutions.

INTOXICATING LIQUORS (6) — CONSTITUTIONALITY OF ACTS — PROHIBITION — JOINTISTS. A jointist is not denied the equal protection of the laws, in that classes of persons are permitted to have possession of intoxicating liquor; as his offense is not unlawful possession.

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW (106) — EQUAL PROTECTION OF LAWS — DISCRIMINATION AS TO CLASS. Rem. Comp. Stat., § 7328, relating to unlawful possession of intoxicating liquor and exempting a priest or clergyman while administering to a religious congregation, does not deny the equal protection of the laws, but reflects a sound public policy.

INTOXICATING LIQUORS (49, 53) — SEARCHES AND SEIZURES — ADMISSIBILITY OF EVIDENCE. Evidence discovered and taken by a police sergeant without any search warrant is admissible, where he was assisting a Federal officer present who had a search warrant.

INTOXICATING LIQUORS (37) — OFFENSES — JOINTISTS — "MAINTAINING" PLACE — SERVANTS. In a jointists case, it is proper to instruct that one who conducts or "maintains," either as principal or agent, a place for the unlawful sale of intoxicating liquors, or a servant in such a place who sells the liquor is guilty as a jointist, since he, acting as an agent, assists in maintaining and conducting it as a place where liquor is sold.

APPEAL (352) — ASSIGNMENT OF ERROR — ABANDONMENT. Assignments of error not argued in the briefs or orally will be treated as abandoned.

APPEAL (130-1) — PRESERVATION OF GROUNDS — NECESSITY OF MOTION. Error can not be assigned on evidence brought out by cross-examination of the state's witnesses, where no motion was made to strike.

Appeal from a judgment of the superior court for King county, Steinert, J., entered August 6, 1928, upon a trial and conviction of a jointist. Affirmed.

Charles H. Miller, for appellant.

Ewing D. Colvin and James M. Bailey, for respondent.

John J. Stack and others were prosecuted for opening up, conducting and maintaining a place for the unlawful sale of intoxicating liquor in King county. He was convicted and has appealed.

[1] In the information, he was charged, under the provisions of Rem. Comp. Stat., § 7339, with a prior conviction of the crime of being a jointist, and by demurrer and otherwise, he claimed in the trial court, and still contends here, that this allegation was prejudicial to, and violated, his rights under both the Federal and state constitutions. However, in State v. Dericho, 107 Wn. 468, 182 P. 597, we held otherwise and stated:

"So far as we have discovered, similar provisions of other states have been upheld wherever their constitutionality has been questioned."

In a number of later cases we have uniformly upheld the rule thus announced, and are satisfied to adhere to it.

[2, 3] Appellant contends further that he is denied the equal protection of the law, because Rem. Comp. Stat., § 7328, provides that it shall be unlawful for any person, except a regularly ordained clergyman, priest or rabbi actually engaged in administering to a religious congregation, to have in his possession any intoxicating liquor other than alcohol. That is, if such clergyman, priest or rabbi, for the purpose mentioned, is entitled to have the possession of intoxicating liquor, other than alcohol, that he, the appellant, is also entitled to have possession of it, although he does not pretend to come within the exempted class. Here, however, the appellant is not accused of the crime of unlawful possession of liquor, but of being a jointist, and besides, the exemption mentioned in the statute, which he claims discriminates against him, reflects, in our opinion, a sound public policy entirely within the power of the legislature to provide.

[4] Further, it is contended that certain bottles of intoxicating liquor seized by the officers were improperly admitted in evidence because, as it is claimed, they were taken by an officer who had no search warrant. We have a different understanding of the evidence, however, so far as its legal effect is concerned. True, a police sergeant actually discovered and took possession of the liquor at appellant's place of business, and it is also true that he had no search warrant, as appellant now argues, but the police sergeant testified that he was assisting a Federal officer present in making the search, and that the Federal officer did have a search warrant.

[5] An instruction to the jury, on the subject of persons cooperating in the maintaining of a place for the unlawful sale of intoxicating liquor, complained of by the appellant in one of his assignments of error, is the same in wording and was taken from one upon that subject quoted and approved by us in State v. Pistona, 127 Wn. 171, 219 P. 859, which we think is correct.

[6] Further, it is claimed that the court erred in refusing to give appellant's requested instructions numbered 1, 2, 3 and 4. The assignment is in no way argued or further referred to in the brief or orally, and we treat the assignment as abandoned by the appellant. The instructions that were given to the jury were in our opinion fair to both sides and full and complete.

[7] Objection is also urged to certain testimony relating to the reputation of the place in question, which it is said was improper. But, as we understand the record, this testimony was brought out by counsel for the appellant in his cross-examination of one of the state's witnesses, and after it was given, whether responsive to questions or not, there was no mention to strike it or to have the jury disregard it.

Other stated assignments of error require no further consideration.



ON REHEARING. [ En Banc. October 9, 1929.]


Upon a rehearing En Banc, a majority of the court adheres to the opinion heretofore filed herein. Judgment affirmed.