In State v. Leslie, 166 Conn. 393, 349 A.2d 843 (1974), our Supreme Court dismissed the appeal of a defendant who had escaped after his conviction and was still a fugitive when his appeal was heard.Summary of this case from State v. Kennedy
Argued May 8, 1974
Decision released May 21, 1974
Information charging the defendant, in the first part, with the crime of robbery with violence and, in the second part, with being a second offender, brought to the Superior Court in New Haven County, where the issues under the first part were tried to the jury before MacDonald, J.; verdict of guilty and, the defendant having pleaded guilty to the second part, the court rendered judgment of guilty under both parts and the defendant appealed. Appeal dismissed.
Kenneth R. Kreiling, with whom, on the brief, was Robert Mosteller, for the appellant (defendant).
Ernest J. Diette, Jr., assistant state's attorney, with whom, on the brief, was Arnold Markle, state's attorney, for the appellee (state).
Following a trial by jury, the defendant was found guilty of assault with intent to commit robbery and of being a second offender. From the judgment rendered February 11, 1971, the defendant appealed to this court. On November 19, 1972, while the present appeal was pending and while he was being transported to the New Haven correctional center, the defendant escaped from the custody of the Connecticut department of corrections and since that date has not been heard from or seen by authorities in this jurisdiction or by counsel representing him on this appeal. In the belief that the fugitive defendant should not be deprived of the availability of counsel while his appeal was still pending before this court, we denied his counsel's application for permission to withdraw their appearance for him on this pending appeal despite their representation that they were unable to discuss the appeal with the "absent appellant." State v. Leslie, 165 Conn. 792, 305 A.2d 284.
The appeal having been perfected and reached for hearing and it appearing on oral argument that the defendant is still a fugitive whose whereabouts are unknown, we decline to adjudicate his case and direct that the appeal be dismissed.
As the United States Supreme Court said in a similar case, citing Smith v. United States, 94 U.S. 97, 24 L.Ed. 32, and Bonahan v. Nebraska, 125 U.S. 692, 8 S.Ct. 1390, 31 L.Ed. 854: "No Persuasive reason exists why this Court should proceed to adjudicate the merits of a criminal case after the convicted defendant who has sought review escapes from the restraints placed upon him pursuant to the conviction. While such an escape does not strip the case of its character as an adjudicable case or controversy, we believe it disentitles the defendant to call upon the resources of the Court for determination of his claims." Molinaro v. New Jersey, 396 U.S. 365, 366, 90 S.Ct. 498, 24 L.Ed.2d 586.