State
v.
E. A. (In re E. A.)

Not overruled or negatively treated on appealinfoCoverage
COURT OF APPEALS OF THE STATE OF OREGONDec 4, 2018
No. 592 (Or. Ct. App. 2018)
No. 592295 Or. App. 265

No. 592 A164676

12-05-2018

In the Matter of E. A., a Person Alleged to have Mental Illness. STATE OF OREGON, Respondent, v. E. A., Appellant.

Alexander C. Cambier and Multnomah Defenders, Inc., filed the brief for appellant. Ellen F. Rosenblum, Attorney General, Benjamin Gutman, Solicitor General, and Jordan R. Silk, Assistant Attorney General, filed the brief for respondent.


Coos County Circuit Court
6692; Paula M. Bechtold, Judge. Alexander C. Cambier and Multnomah Defenders, Inc., filed the brief for appellant. Ellen F. Rosenblum, Attorney General, Benjamin Gutman, Solicitor General, and Jordan R. Silk, Assistant Attorney General, filed the brief for respondent. Before Ortega, Presiding Judge, and Garrett, Judge, and Powers, Judge. PER CURIAM Vacated and remanded for entry of a corrected judgment of commitment.

PER CURIAM

Appellant seeks reversal of a judgment committing appellant to the custody of the Mental Health Division for a period not to exceed 180 days, ORS 426.130, raising two assignments of error. We write only to address appellant's assignment of error that asserts that the record was insufficient to find that appellant is a person with a mental illness who because of a mental disorder is unable to care for appellant's basic needs. The state points out that (1) the trial court in its oral ruling determined that appellant was a person with a mental illness who, because of a mental disorder, is dangerous to self, and expressly disclaimed that it was making a basic-needs finding; (2) the trial court used a check-the-box form for its written judgment in which the choices were merely labeled by the statutory section number and did not specify the substance of the possible findings of mental illness under ORS 426.005(1)(e); and (3) the trial court checked the box for the statutory subsection ORS 426.005(1)(e)(B) (unable to provide for basic personal needs because of a mental disorder) and not ORS 426.005(1)(e)(A) (dangerous to self because of a mental disorder). In such a case, the state asserts that the trial court misplaced the "x" mark and, therefore, relying on our decision in State v. D. Z., 274 Or App 77, 359 P3d 1246 (2015), contends that the judgment's misplaced "x" is an obvious scrivener's error that requires the judgment to be vacated and remanded for entry of a corrected judgment of commitment.

In addition to the form's susceptibility to error, the form incorrectly set out statutory subsections that, at the time of judgment, had been renumbered. That is, an amendment to ORS 426.005(1) in 2015 resulted in the renumbering of the subsections defining a person with mental illness from (1)(e) to (1)(f). Or Laws 2015, ch 461, § 1. --------

We agree with the state. The record clearly indicates that the trial court based its commitment of appellant upon a finding that appellant was dangerous to self. Like the trial court in D. Z., the trial court here checked a box on a judgment form that was susceptible to error moments after it had made its oral ruling on a basis other than the one indicated in the judgment. We therefore conclude that the written judgment was based on a scrivener's error and must be vacated.

Vacated and remanded for entry of a corrected judgment of commitment.