Submitted September 9, 1997.
Decided October 3, 1997.
APPEAL FROM CIRCUIT COURT, HARRISON COUNTY, THOMAS A. BEDELL, J.
Steven P. McGowan, Amy M. Smith, Steptoe Johnson, Clarksburg, for Petitioner.
Robert M. Morris, Weston, for David L. Curtis.
Katherine M. Carpenter, David C. Glover, Waters, Warner Harris, Clarksburg, for The Honorable Thomas A. Bedell and the Town of Anmoore.
This is an original jurisdiction proceeding. The petitioner, City of Weston, asks this Court to prohibit the Honorable Thomas A. Bedell of the Circuit Court of Harrison County, respondent, from proceeding further in a civil action naming the petitioner as a defendant.
The petitioner also named as respondents in this matter the Town of Anmoore and David L. Curtis. The Town of Anmoore filed a joint response with Judge Bedell. Mr. Curtis filed a response in which he does not oppose the relief requested by the petitioner.
This matter arises out of an underlying civil action brought against the petitioner and David L. Curtis by the Town of Anmoore. The complaint in the civil action alleges that the Town of Anmoore and Mr. Curtis executed an agreement on November 11, 1995. The agreement obligated Mr. Curtis to be a police officer for the Town of Anmoore for one year. The Town of Anmoore incurred expenses in having Mr. Curtis trained at the State Police Academy. Mr. Curtis graduated from the academy on December 15, 1995. Prior to starting work as a police officer with the Town of Anmoore, he was hired as a police officer by the petitioner. The Town of Anmoore filed an action against the petitioner, alleging tortious interference with an employment contract and unjust enrichment. The civil action was filed in the Circuit Court of Harrison County. The petitioner moved the circuit court to dismiss or transfer the civil action to Lewis County, on the grounds of improper venue. The circuit court denied the motion. The petitioner has invoked this Court's original jurisdiction seeking an order prohibiting the circuit court from proceeding further in the underlying action, and directing the circuit court to dismiss the action against it or transfer the matter to Lewis County.
The training occurred between the period September 5, 1995 through December 15, 1995.
The claim against Mr. Curtis was for breach of contract and unjust enrichment.
In determining whether to grant a rule to show cause in prohibition when a court is not acting in excess of its jurisdiction, this Court will look to the adequacy of other available remedies such as appeal and to the over-all economy of effort and money among litigants, lawyers and courts; however, this Court will use prohibition in this discretionary way to correct only substantial, clear-cut, legal errors plainly in contravention of a clear statutory, constitutional, or common law mandate which may be resolved independently of any disputed facts and only in cases where there is a high probability that the trial will be completely reversed if the error is not corrected in advance. Syllabus Point 1, Hinkle v. Black, 164 W. Va. 112, 262 S.E.2d 744 (1979).
The record in this case is insufficiently developed for this Court to determine whether a substantial, clear-cut legal error has occurred, therefore the writ prayed for must be denied.