Civ. No. 1265.
March 5, 1913.
APPEAL from a judgment of the Superior Court of Los Angeles County and from an order refusing a new trial. Frank G. Finlayson, Judge.
The facts are stated in the opinion of the court.
Walter J. Horgan, for Appellant.
Stutsman Stutsman, for Respondent.
The action was one to restrain the defendant from obstructing an alleyway and for a mandatory order requiring the removal of the obstructions placed therein by defendant. Findings and judgment for plaintiff, from which, and an order denying his motion for a new trial, defendant appeals.
The facts found by the court and supported by the uncontradicted evidence are: In 1886, one Safford was the owner of a tract of land in Los Angeles City; that thereafter he subdivided said tract into lots and sold the same to various parties, representing to each at the time of the sale that a strip of ground eighteen feet in width, extending through said tract and upon which all of the lots so sold abutted, was an alleyway laid out for the use and benefit of said abutting owners. The record shows that Safford at the time of the respective sales showed to the purchasers a map upon which was delineated this alleyway. The purchasers used the said alleyway as a means of ingress and egress to the property, as did the general public, for more than five years. Thereafter, in 1887, Safford undertook by a deed to convey to some of the parties, owners of the abutting lots, the strip so used as an alley. Others owning an interest in abutting lots were not made grantees therein. No answer of defendant appears in the record. There was, however, admitted in evidence upon the hearing of the cause certain tax deeds showing the alleyway to have been sold to the state for delinquent taxes in the year 1897, and subsequently by the state conveyed to the defendant. Also, there was offered in evidence a judgment-roll showing that at some date not appearing the title of defendant to said alleyway was quieted as to some of the abutting owners, but not as to plaintiff. The court sustained an objection to the introduction of such judgment-roll.
We see no merit in the appeal. The production of a map by Safford to the purchasers of the various lots showing the alley, and his representations to said purchasers that said strip was an alleyway, and which representations were acted upon, were sufficient as to such parties to establish said strip as an alleyway. ( Prescott v. Edwards, 117 Cal. 304, [59 Am. St. Rep. 186, 49 P. 178].) In addition, the long continued use of the strip as such alleyway under claim of right and adversely was sufficient to establish a prescriptive title. No taxes being shown to have been assessed, it was not incumbent upon plaintiff to show payment thereof. ( Baldwin v. Temple, 101 Cal. 403, [35 P. 1008], and authorities cited.) It is only the payment of taxes levied and assessed which, by section 325 of the Code of Civil Procedure, is made a condition for acquiring title by adverse possession. The easement in the alleyway being attached to the abutting property and forming a part thereof, it will be presumed, nothing to the contrary appearing, that the same and the value thereof was included in the taxes assessed against the lots. The only title which Safford by his deed made in 1887 could convey to the tenants in common therein named as grantees, was the naked legal title, subject to the easement. No merger resulted from such deed and all that could be assessed as taxes against these tenants in common and their land were the taxes and assessments against the naked legal title, and that title was all that was conveyed by the tax deeds in evidence. The holder of such title could not interfere with the easement rights of plaintiff. This action was maintainable under section 731 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
We see no error in the record, and the judgment and order are affirmed.
James, J., and Shaw, J. concurred.
A petition for a rehearing of this cause was denied by the district court of appeal on April 4, 1913.