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Siguenza-Arevalo v. Holder

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit
Nov 2, 2010
402 F. App'x 305 (9th Cir. 2010)


No. 07-74559.

Submitted October 19, 2010.

The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed.R.App.P. 34(a)(2).

Filed November 2, 2010.

Jenny Tsai, Esq., Green Tsai, San Francisco, CA, for Petitioner.

Ronald E. Lefevre, Chief Counsel, Office of the District Counsel, Department of Homeland Security, San Francisco, CA, OIL, U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Div./Office of Immigration Lit., Washington, DC, for Respondent.

On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals. Agency No. A078-65-515.

Before: O'SCANNLAIN, LEAVY, and TALLMAN, Circuit Judges.


This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by 9th Cir. R. 36-3.

Rafael Antonio Siguenza-Arevalo, a native and citizen of El Salvador, petitions for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals' ("BIA") order dismissing his appeal from an immigration judge's ("IJ") decision denying his application for asylum, withholding of removal, and protection under the Convention Against Torture ("CAT"). We have jurisdiction under 8 U.S.C. § 1252. We review for substantial evidence the agency's factual findings, INS v. Elias-Zacarias, 502 U.S. 478, 481 n. 1, 112 S.Ct. 812, 117 L.Ed.2d 38 (1992), and we deny the petition for review.

Even if Siguenza-Arevalo established he suffered persecution on account of a protected ground, substantial evidence supports the agency's determination that the government successfully rebutted his well-founded fear of future persecution with evidence of changed country conditions. See Sowe v. Mukasey, 538 F.3d 1281, 1286 (9th Cir. 2008). Accordingly, his asylum claim fails.

Because Siguenza-Arevalo failed to establish eligibility for asylum, he necessarily failed to demonstrate eligibility for withholding of removal. See Zehatye v. Gonzales, 453 F.3d 1182, 1190 (9th Cir. 2006).

Substantial evidence supports the agency's denial of CAT relief because Siguenza-Arevalo failed to demonstrate that it is more likely than not that he will be tortured if removed to El Salvador. See Wakkary v. Holder, 558 F.3d 1049, 1067-68 (9th Cir. 2009).

Finally, Siguenza-Arevalo's claim that the BIA erred because its decision was cursory fails because the BIA cited to Matter of Burbano, 20 I. N. Dec. 872 (BIA 1994), adopting the IJ's decision as its own. See Abebe v. Gonzales, 432 F.3d 1037, 1040 (9th Cir. 2005) (en banc) (stating that a Burbano affirmance signifies that the BIA has conducted an independent review of the record and has determined that its conclusions are the same as those articulated by the IJ).


Summaries of

Siguenza-Arevalo v. Holder

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit
Nov 2, 2010
402 F. App'x 305 (9th Cir. 2010)
Case details for

Siguenza-Arevalo v. Holder

Case Details

Full title:Rafael Antonio SIGUENZA-AREVALO, a.k.a. Rafael Siguenza, Petitioner, v…

Court:United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit

Date published: Nov 2, 2010


402 F. App'x 305 (9th Cir. 2010)