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Shipman v. Forbes

Supreme Court of California
Mar 21, 1893
97 Cal. 572 (Cal. 1893)

Opinion

         Department One

         Appeal from a judgment of the Superior Court of the city and county of San Francisco, and from an order denying a new trial.

         COUNSEL:

         J. M. Wood, for Appellant.

          Cope, Boyd, Fifield & Hoburg, and Stanly, Stoney, and Hayes, for Respondents.


         JUDGES: Harrison, J. Garoutte, J., and Paterson, J., concurred.

         OPINION

          HARRISON, Judge

         Action to foreclose a street assessment in San Francisco.

The plaintiff offered in evidence the original assessment, diagram, warrant, and affidavit of demand and non-payment, to which defendants objected upon the ground that the warrant was not dated. The warrant is in the following form:

         " By virtue hereof, I, C. S. Ruggles, superintendent of public streets, highways, and squares of the city and county of San Francisco and state of California, by virtue of the authority vested in me as said superintendent of public streets, highways, and squares, do authorize and empower James S. Dyer, his agents or assigns, to demand and receive the several assessments upon the assessment and diagram hereto attached, and this shall be his warrant for the same.

         " San Francisco, 1885.

         C. S. Ruggles,

         " Superintendent of Public Streets, Highways, and Squares.

         " Countersigned by

         Fleet F. Strother,

         " Auditor of the City and County of San Francisco.

         " September 7, 1888."

         The court excluded the evidence, and rendered judgment for the defendants, and this ruling is now assigned as error.

Section 10 of the act of 1872 (Stats. 1872, p. 813), under which the proceedings were had, directs the superintendent of public streets, highways, and squares to attach to the assessment a warrant, which shall be signed 574 by him and countersigned by the auditor, and prescribes the form of the warrant. In this form, after giving the body of the warrant, its date and authentication are prescribed as follows:

         " San Francisco (date), eighteen hundred and ___.

         " ____ (Name of Superintendent),

         " Superintendent of Public Streets, Highways, and Squares.

         " Countersigned by

         ____(Name of Auditor),

         " Auditor of the City and County of San Francisco."

         The warrant issued in the present case follows the prescribed form, except in the matter of its date.

         The words, "San Francisco, 1885," cannot be considered as a compliance with the statutory requirement that the warrant be dated. Other portions of the statute show that the "date" which the warrant is to contain includes the month and the day of the month, as well as the year. Section 11 requires the contractor to return the warrant to the superintendent of streets "within ten days after its date," in order to preserve the lien of the assessment; and by section 13, an action upon the assessment cannot be brought until "after the period of fifteen days from the day of the date of the warrant." The form prescribed by the statute makes the date as much a part of the warrant as it does the signature of the officer, and in matters of this character, in which the property of a citizen is to be taken in invitum, it cannot be said that any requirement of the statute is to be disregarded. Every requisite having the semblance of benefit to the owner must be complied with; and where the form of a statutory proceeding is prescribed, its observance becomes essential to the validity of the proceedings. (Smith v. Davis , 30 Cal. 537; Taylor v. Donner , 31 Cal. 483; Hewes v. Reis , 40 Cal. 263; Grimm v. O'Connell , 54 Cal. 522.)

         It is conceded on the part of the appellant that these words did not amount to the dating of the warrant, but it is contended by him that when the auditor countersigned the warrant over the date of September 7, 1888, the warrant itself took that date, and therefore was dated. The function of the auditor, however, being merely that of approval, and limited to countersigning the warrant, is not called into exercise until after the warrant has been completed. Whatever is essential to the issuance and validity of the warrant must be done before it reaches the auditor, and no act of his can supply any defect or cure any irregularity in the prior proceedings. The position of the date, September 7, 1888, after the countersigning by the auditor, shows that it was a part of his act, and not a part of the warrant itself.

         The judgment and order are affirmed.


Summaries of

Shipman v. Forbes

Supreme Court of California
Mar 21, 1893
97 Cal. 572 (Cal. 1893)
Case details for

Shipman v. Forbes

Case Details

Full title:C. G. SHIPMAN, Appellant, v. CHARLES FORBES, et al., Respondents

Court:Supreme Court of California

Date published: Mar 21, 1893

Citations

97 Cal. 572 (Cal. 1893)
32 P. 599

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