In Shafer v. Stein (1945), 78 Ohio App. 47 at 49, the court stated that the bond "should be in a sum which would meet any possible costs and damages which might be suffered by the appellees by the delay."Summary of this case from Tuteur v. Enterprises
Decided July 5, 1945.
Appeal — Notice to appellee not required — Section 12223-4, General Code — Forcible entry and detainer — Appealable on questions of law only — Inadequacy of supersedeas bond not basis for dismissal.
1. A proceeding in forcible entry and detainer is not appealable on questions of law and fact, but is appealable on questions of law.
2. Section 12223-4, General Code, providing when appeal is perfected, does not require that notice of appeal be given or served upon the appellee.
3. Inadequacy of a supersedeas bond filed in the Municipal Court in a forcible entry and detainer proceeding can not be the basis for the dismissal of an appeal.
APPEAL: Court of Appeals for Greene county.
ON MOTION to dismiss.
Messrs. Marshall Marshall, for appellees.
Messrs. Pickrel, Schaeffer Ebeling, for appellants.
The cause is submitted on motion of appellees (plaintiffs) to dismiss the appeal on three grounds, first, that the case is not appealable, second, that notice of filing intention to appeal, or copy thereof, was not furnished the plaintiffs, and third, that the bond filed in the Municipal Court is wholly inadequate.
We consider the grounds of the motion in the order in which they are set forth.
First, that the case is not appealable.
The appeal is noted as on questions of law and fact. Obviously, forcible entry and detainer, being exclusively a statutory proceeding, is an action at law only with none of the aspects of chancery and, therefore, may not be appealed on questions of law and fact. However, we know of no reason to hold that the appeal may not proceed as on questions of law. Kelly v. Nichols, 10 Ohio St. 318; Pope v. Pollock, 46 Ohio St. 367, 21 N.E. 356, 15 Am. St. Rep., 608, 4 L.R.A., 255; Miller v. Raile Morrison, 34 Ohio Law Abs., 608, 39 N.E.2d 172; and Rocca v. Rosenstiel, 20 Ohio App. 367, 152 N.E. 677. The first branch of the motion will be overruled, but the court on its own motion recognizes that this cause may not be tried upon the facts and must proceed as an appeal on questions of law. Ten days will therefore be given to appellants within which to have a bill of exceptions prepared, settled and allowed in the trial court. The time within which the bill will be prepared will begin to run from the filing of the entry journalizing the ruling on this motion, but the bill of exceptions, in any event, must be filed not later than July 20, 1945.
Second, that no notice of filing intention to appeal, or copy thereof, was furnished to appellees.
Section 12223-4, General Code, makes no requirement that the notice, or copy thereof, be given or served upon appellee, it being incumbent upon the appellee to make such observation of the progress of the case as is necessary to determine whether an appeal is perfected by the filing of the notice within time. This branch of the motion will be overruled.
Third, that the bond filed in the Municipal Court is wholly inadequate.
This branch must be overruled because although it be conceded that the bond is inadequate, such inadequacy would not be a basis for the dismissal of the appeal. This branch of the motion will be overruled.
It is suggested in the brief of appellees that if the motion is overruled the cause be set down for trial on the merits. We are willing to accommodate counsel by assigning the cause for hearing on its merits between now and the first of August, but this could only be done by agreement. We cannot hear the case after the first of August and before fall because one or more members of the court will be on vacation.
Inasmuch as it is probable that, if appellants can prepare a bill of exceptions, the cause may not be heard in this court until fall, we consider the question of the adequacy of the bond.
The only information which we have as to facts which would reflect upon the adequacy of the bond appears in the respective briefs of the parties, as no affidavits accompany the motion.
It appears by statements of counsel of like tenor that $500 in cash has been deposited, presumably by the parties, in lieu of an appeal or supersedeas bond, but the transcript of docket and journal entries does not disclose that fact.
Accompanying the transcript is a bond designated supersedeas bond, signed by Phyllis S. Stein only and no reference is made to the cash deposit.
However, enough of the facts appear to convince us that the bond should be substantially increased. It should be in a sum which would meet any possible costs and damages which might be suffered by the appellees by the delay. The bond will be increased to $1,500, to be filed, if a supersedeas bond, or to be deposited, if a cash bond, in the trial court, and the transcript should bear the certificate of the clerk of courts, if a cash bond is deposited, that it has been done.
It is also suggested in the brief for counsel for appellees, although not a part of the motion, that "there should be a bond in addition to the money, conditioned for the protection of plaintiff-appellees that plaintiff-appellees would not be required to file separate action in order to collect damages."
Section 12223-9, General Code, provides for a supersedeas bond, and Section 12223-14, General Code, authorizes the court to incorporate in the bond "such other conditions as the court may provide." We would not, upon the meager facts before us, undertake to enlarge the terms of the bond beyond those included in the appropriate language of the statute.
The supersedeas bond, if given, should be conditioned as in the form attached to the transcript of docket and journal entries disclosing the judgment, mentioning both appellants and that the action was for forcible entry and detainer, should set forth the case number or some other definite identification of the cause of action, and should be further conditioned as follows:
"Now if said appellants shall abide and perform the order and judgment of the appellate court and pay all money, costs and damages which may be required of or awarded against said defendants or either of them upon the final determination of said appeal; then this obligation shall be void; otherwise it shall be and remain in full force and virtue in law."
If a cash deposit is made in lieu of a supersedeas bond, it should be deposited on the same conditions as in a supersedeas bond and these conditions may be set up in the entry journalizing the ruling of the court upon this motion.
We are cognizant that, conceding the facts set out by counsel for appellees in their brief, the withholding of the premises for which they have fully paid and to which they have a deed is unusual, embarrassing and aggravating and possibly of a nature for which the law affords no remedy. We have no purpose, however, to take away from the appellants their right to the orderly processes of the law. We will accord to the parties all the expedition possible in adjudicating the issues and if, as suggested by counsel for appellees, appellants cannot secure a bill of exceptions, or stipulation of counsel in lieu thereof, within the time herein fixed, we will entertain a motion, if filed, to affirm the judgment.
The entry prepared on this motion may carry the rulings thereon together with such other orders as the court has made on its own motion.
HORNBECK, P.J., GEIGER and MILLER, JJ., concur.