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Seedat v. Capital One Bank

SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Second Judicial Department
Mar 6, 2019
170 A.D.3d 769 (N.Y. App. Div. 2019)

Opinion

2017–12465 Index No. 7116/15

03-06-2019

Chrisnadat SEEDAT, Appellant, v. CAPITAL ONE BANK, Respondent.

Krentsel & Guzman, LLP, New York, N.Y. (Steven E. Krentsel, Joshua Ram, Julie T. Mark, and Anna Badalian of counsel), for appellant. Andrea G. Sawyers, Melville, N.Y. (Scott W. Driver of counsel), for respondent.


Krentsel & Guzman, LLP, New York, N.Y. (Steven E. Krentsel, Joshua Ram, Julie T. Mark, and Anna Badalian of counsel), for appellant.

Andrea G. Sawyers, Melville, N.Y. (Scott W. Driver of counsel), for respondent.

REINALDO E. RIVERA, J.P., CHERYL E. CHAMBERS, SYLVIA O. HINDS–RADIX, JOSEPH J. MALTESE, JJ.

DECISION & ORDER

In an action to recover damages for personal injuries, the plaintiff appeals from an order of the Supreme Court, Queens County (Leslie J. Purificacion, J.), dated September 21, 2017. The order granted the defendant's motion for summary judgment dismissing the complaint.

ORDERED that the order is reversed, on the law, with costs, and the defendant's motion for summary judgment dismissing the complaint is denied.

On January 6, 2015, between 5:30 p.m. and 6:00 p.m., the plaintiff allegedly slipped and fell on water on the lobby floor of the defendant's bank in Queens. The plaintiff alleged that it was snowing outside at the time of the incident, that he fell as soon as he entered the bank, and that he saw a lot of dirty water on the floor after he fell. The plaintiff subsequently commenced this action against the defendant to recover damages for personal injuries. The defendant moved for summary judgment dismissing the complaint. The Supreme Court granted the motion, and the plaintiff appeals.

A defendant who moves for summary judgment in a slip-and-fall case has the initial burden of making a prima facie showing that it did not create the hazardous condition which allegedly caused the fall, and did not have actual or constructive notice of that condition for a sufficient length of time to discover and remedy it (see Hickson v. Walgreen Co., 150 A.D.3d 1087, 56 N.Y.S.3d 157 ; Jeremias v. Lake Forest Estates, 147 A.D.3d 742, 46 N.Y.S.3d 188 ; Sesina v. Joy Lea Realty, LLC, 123 A.D.3d 1000, 1001, 999 N.Y.S.2d 854 ; Altinel v. John's Farms, 113 A.D.3d 709, 710, 979 N.Y.S.2d 360 ). A defendant moving for summary judgment dismissing a complaint cannot satisfy its initial burden merely by pointing to gaps in the plaintiff's case (see Lebron v. 142 S 9, LLC, 151 A.D.3d 835, 836, 54 N.Y.S.3d 679 ; Lorenzo v. 7201 Owners Corp., 133 A.D.3d 641, 20 N.Y.S.3d 123 ).

Here, the defendant failed to meet its initial burden as the movant (see Winegrad v. New York Univ. Med. Ctr., 64 N.Y.2d 851, 853, 487 N.Y.S.2d 316, 476 N.E.2d 642 ). The defendant failed to affirmatively demonstrate that it did not have constructive notice of the condition that allegedly caused the plaintiff to fall (see Gordon v. American Museum of Natural History, 67 N.Y.2d 836, 501 N.Y.S.2d 646, 492 N.E.2d 774 ; Lorenzo v. 7201 Owners Corp., 133 A.D.3d at 641, 20 N.Y.S.3d 123 ; Friedman v. Gannett Satellite Info. Network, 302 A.D.2d 491, 755 N.Y.S.2d 412 ). Since the defendant failed to meet its initial burden as the movant, the Supreme Court should have denied the defendant's motion for summary judgment dismissing the complaint, regardless of the sufficiency of the plaintiff's opposition papers (see Winegrad v. New York Univ. Med. Ctr., 64 N.Y.2d at 853, 487 N.Y.S.2d 316, 476 N.E.2d 642 ).

RIVERA, J.P., CHAMBERS, HINDS–RADIX and MALTESE, JJ., concur.


Summaries of

Seedat v. Capital One Bank

SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Second Judicial Department
Mar 6, 2019
170 A.D.3d 769 (N.Y. App. Div. 2019)
Case details for

Seedat v. Capital One Bank

Case Details

Full title:Chrisnadat Seedat, appellant, v. Capital One Bank, respondent.

Court:SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Second Judicial Department

Date published: Mar 6, 2019

Citations

170 A.D.3d 769 (N.Y. App. Div. 2019)
170 A.D.3d 769
2019 N.Y. Slip Op. 1632

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