186 CA 17–01279
LAW OFFICE OF DANIEL R. ARCHILLA, BUFFALO (JEFFREY SENDZIAK OF COUNSEL), FOR DEFENDANT–APPELLANT. CELLINO & BARNES, P.C., BUFFALO (ELLEN B. STURM OF COUNSEL), FOR PLAINTIFF–RESPONDENT.
LAW OFFICE OF DANIEL R. ARCHILLA, BUFFALO (JEFFREY SENDZIAK OF COUNSEL), FOR DEFENDANT–APPELLANT.
CELLINO & BARNES, P.C., BUFFALO (ELLEN B. STURM OF COUNSEL), FOR PLAINTIFF–RESPONDENT.
PRESENT: SMITH, J.P., PERADOTTO, LINDLEY, CURRAN, AND WINSLOW, JJ.
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
It is hereby ORDERED that the order so appealed from is unanimously modified on the law by granting that part of the motion with respect to the permanent consequential limitation of use category of serious injury within the meaning of Insurance Law § 5102(d) and dismissing the complaint, as amplified by the bill of particulars to that extent, and as modified the order is affirmed without costs.
Memorandum: Plaintiff commenced this action seeking damages for injuries that he allegedly sustained when the vehicle that he was driving was rear-ended by a vehicle operated by defendant. In his bill of particulars, plaintiff alleged that he sustained a serious injury within the meaning of Insurance Law § 5102(d) under four categories, i.e., the permanent loss of use, permanent consequential limitation of use, significant limitation of use, and 90/180–day categories. Defendant moved for summary judgment dismissing the complaint on the ground that plaintiff did not sustain a serious injury, and Supreme Court granted those parts of the motion with respect to two of those categories, i.e., the permanent loss of use and 90/180–day categories. Defendant contends on appeal that the court should have granted the motion in its entirety.
Contrary to defendant's contention, his own submissions in support of his motion raise triable issues of fact with respect to whether the motor vehicle accident caused plaintiff's alleged injuries (see Crane v. Glover, 151 A.D.3d 1841, 1841–1842, 59 N.Y.S.3d 212 [4th Dept. 2017] ). The report of defendant's expert physician "does not establish that plaintiff's condition is the result of a preexisting degenerative [condition] inasmuch as it ‘fails to account for evidence that plaintiff had no complaints of pain prior to the accident’ " ( id. at 1842, 59 N.Y.S.3d 212 ; see Thomas v. Huh, 115 A.D.3d 1225, 1226, 982 N.Y.S.2d 634 [4th Dept. 2014] ). Inasmuch as defendant failed to meet his initial burden on the motion with respect to causation, there is no need to consider the sufficiency of plaintiff's opposing papers on that issue (see Sobieraj v. Summers, 137 A.D.3d 1738, 1739, 28 N.Y.S.3d 221 [4th Dept. 2016] ).
We agree with defendant, however, that he established his entitlement to judgment as a matter of law with respect to the permanent consequential limitation of use category, and we therefore modify the order accordingly. We conclude that defendant met his initial burden on the motion by submitting evidence establishing as a matter of law that plaintiff did not sustain a serious injury under that category (see Cook v. Peterson, 137 A.D.3d 1594, 1596, 28 N.Y.S.3d 501 [4th Dept. 2016] ). Defendant submitted the affidavit of his expert physician who, after examining plaintiff, noted plaintiff had no difficulty walking and had full flexion and extension in both knees. In opposition to the motion, plaintiff "failed to submit objective proof of a permanent injury" ( McKeon v. McLane Co., Inc., 145 A.D.3d 1459, 1461, 44 N.Y.S.3d 277 [4th Dept. 2016] ).
Contrary to defendant's further contention, we conclude that the court properly denied that part of the motion with respect to the significant limitation of use category. Even assuming, arguendo, that defendant made a "prima facie showing that plaintiff's alleged injuries did not satisfy [the] serious injury threshold" with respect to that category ( Pommells v. Perez, 4 N.Y.3d 566, 574, 797 N.Y.S.2d 380, 830 N.E.2d 278  ), we conclude that plaintiff's submissions in opposition to the motion raised an issue of fact. Those submissions included the affirmation of plaintiff's treating physician, who, after reviewing plaintiff's medical records and imaging studies, opined within a reasonable degree of medical certainty that plaintiff sustained a folded flap tear at the junction of the mid-body and posterior horn of the meniscus of his right knee, and lateral and medial meniscus tears of both knees that required surgery and were causally related to the accident. He further opined that, consistent with what he observed on the MRI and his observations during plaintiff's surgery, the meniscus tears limited plaintiff's ability to walk, sit for long periods, turn, twist, drive for long periods, climb stairs, and walk on uneven surfaces (see Lopez v. Senatore, 65 N.Y.2d 1017, 1020, 494 N.Y.S.2d 101, 484 N.E.2d 130  ; LoGrasso v. City of Tonawanda, 87 A.D.3d 1390, 1391, 930 N.Y.S.2d 129 [4th Dept. 2011] ).