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Santoso v. Holder

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit
Nov 22, 2010
404 F. App'x 170 (9th Cir. 2010)

Opinion

No. 05-76588.

Submitted November 16, 2010.

The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed.R.App.P. 34(a)(2).

Filed November 22, 2010.

Anthony D. Agpaoa, Law Office of Anthony D. Agpaoa, San Francisco, CA, for Petitioners.

Ronald E. LeFevre, Chief Counsel, Office of the District Counsel Department of Homeland Security, San Francisco, CA, Joan E. Smiley, Esq., Richard M. Evans, Esq., U.S. Department of Justice Civil Div./Office of Immigration Lit., Washington, DC, for Respondent.

On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals. Agency Nos. A077-838-245, A077-838-244.

Before: TASHIMA, BERZON, and CLIFTON, Circuit Judges.



MEMORANDUM

This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by 9th Cir. R. 36-3.

Hartati Santoso and Gatot Ignatius Tirta, natives and citizens of Indonesia, petition for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals' order dismissing their appeal from an immigration judge's decision denying their claims for asylum, withholding of removal, and protection under the Convention Against Torture ("CAT"). We have jurisdiction under 8 U.S.C. § 1252. We review for substantial evidence. Wakkary v. Holder, 558 F.3d 1049, 1056 (9th Cir. 2009). We deny in part and grant in part the petition for review, and we remand.

Substantial evidence supports the agency's denial of CAT relief because petitioners failed to show it is more likely than not that they would be tortured if removed to Indonesia. See Wakkary, 558 F.3d at 1067-68.

In analyzing petitioners' asylum and withholding of removal claims, the agency did not consider their claims as Chinese Christians under the disfavored group analysis. See Sael v. Ashcroft, 386 F.3d 922, 927 (9th Cir. 2004) (Indonesia's ethnic Chinese minority is a disfavored group with a commensurately lower level of individualized risk to prove in order to establish a well-founded fear of future persecution). In light of this and our intervening decision in Tampubolon v. Holder, 610 F.3d 1056, 1062 (9th Cir. 2010) ("[A]ny reasonable factfinder would be compelled to conclude on this record that Christian Indonesians are a disfavored group."), we grant the petition with respect to petitioners' asylum and withholding of removal claims, and remand to the agency to analyze them under the disfavored group analysis in the first instance. See INS v. Ventura, 537 U.S. 12, 16-18, 123 S.Ct. 353, 154 L.Ed.2d 272 (2002) (per curiam); see also Wakkary, 558 F.3d at 1062-65 (disfavored group analysis applies to withholding of removal). In assessing the claim, the agency should clarify whether there was past persecution.

Each party shall bear their own costs on appeal. PETITION FOR REVIEW DENIED in part; GRANTED in part; REMANDED.


Summaries of

Santoso v. Holder

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit
Nov 22, 2010
404 F. App'x 170 (9th Cir. 2010)
Case details for

Santoso v. Holder

Case Details

Full title:Hartati SANTOSO; Gatot Ignatius Tirta, Petitioners, v. Eric H. HOLDER…

Court:United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit

Date published: Nov 22, 2010

Citations

404 F. App'x 170 (9th Cir. 2010)