It is proper, and consonant with zoning principles, for the zoning authorities of a town to consider factors which affect land uses in the town, although they may arise from conditions in another town. A Bridgeport zoning regulation prohibits the use of premises as a liquor outlet if the entrance is "within fifteen hundred feet in any direction from the entrance to any other . . . premises" so used. The plaintiff claimed that his use of premises in Bridgeport for the sale of liquor would not violate the regulation, since the only liquor outlet within 1500 feet was in a different town. Held: 1. The quoted phrase must be construed as applying to other outlets within 1500 feet, even though they may lie beyond the town line. 2. To so construe the regulation does not give it an improper extraterritorial effect. 3. The zoning enforcement officer properly refused to certify that the use of the premises for the sale of liquor would not violate the zoning regulation.
Argued February 7, 1962
Decided March 7, 1962
Appeal from the decision of the defendant affirming the action of the zoning enforcement officer of the city of Bridgeport in denying the plaintiff's request for approval of certain premises for the sale of alcoholic liquor, brought to the Court of Common Pleas in Fairfield County and tried to the court, Johnson, J.; judgment dismissing the appeal, from which the plaintiff appealed to this court. No error.
Raymond C. Lyddy, for the appellant (plaintiff).
John J. McGuinness, with whom, on the brief, was Hugh C. Curran, for the appellee (defendant).
The plaintiff, intending to apply to the liquor control commission for a package store permit for the sale of intoxicating liquors on premises leased to him, petitioned the zoning enforcement officer of Bridgeport in July, 1959, to certify that the use of the premises for a package store would not violate any Bridgeport zoning regulation. See General Statutes 30-44; Salerni v. Scheuy, 140 Conn. 566, 569, 102 A.2d 528. The officer refused certification because the plaintiff's premises were located within 1500 feet of other premises used for the sale of intoxicating liquor. These other premises were located in the town of Stratford, outside the territorial limits of Bridgeport. There was no liquor outlet in the city of Bridgeport within 1500 feet of the plaintiff's premises. The plaintiff appealed to the zoning board of appeals, which sustained the zoning enforcement officer's ruling. The plaintiff then appealed to the Court of Common Pleas, which upheld the zoning board of appeals. He now appeals to us.
Section 2 of chapter 14 of the Bridgeport zoning regulations provides that no building or premises shall be used for the sale of alcoholic liquor under any tavern, restaurant, druggist or all-alcoholic liquor package store permit if "any entrance to such building or premises shall be within fifteen hundred feet in any direction from the entrance to any other building or premises" which are used for the sale of alcoholic liquor under any such permit. The plaintiff argues that this regulation means "any other building or premises" in the city of Bridgeport. No such limitation is expressed in, nor can it be implied from, the plain language of the regulation. In Miller v. Zoning Commission, 135 Conn. 405, 407, 65 A.2d 577, we considered this regulation before it contained the phrase "in any direction" and held it valid. The point involved in the Miller case was not the one with which we are now concerned. If there could have been any doubt whether the regulation as it was then worded would apply to the present circumstances, that doubt was removed by the subsequent amendment of the regulation to add the phrase "in any direction." This phrase clearly contemplates not only liquor outlets within the limits of the city of Bridgeport but any liquor outlet within 1500 feet of the location for which the certification is sought.
The plaintiff claims that this interpretation gives to the regulation an extraterritorial effect which it cannot have under the legislation authorizing municipalities to adopt zoning regulations. General Statutes 8-2. The regulation does not purport to regulate property uses beyond the Bridgeport city limits. It does no more than to require the zoning authorities of Bridgeport, in the administration of the zoning regulations, to consider factors which affect land uses in Bridgeport, although they may arise from conditions existing beyond the city's territorial limits. This is altogether proper and consonant with zoning principles. See Crescent Development Corporation v. Planning Commission, 148 Conn. 145, 150, 168 A.2d 547; Dean Milk Co. v. Madison, 257 Wis. 308, 315, 43 N.W.2d 480. The trial court correctly dismissed the plaintiff's appeal.