From Casetext: Smarter Legal Research

S. v. Telfair

Supreme Court of North Carolina
Mar 1, 1902
40 S.E. 976 (N.C. 1902)


(Filed 25 March, 1902.)

1. Highways — Summons — Notice — The Code, Secs. 217, 597, 2019, 2044.

A summons to a person liable to road duty need not be in writing.

2. Amendments — Warrant — Special Verdict.

The warrant of a justice of the peace may be amended in the Superior Court upon the finding of a special verdict.

INDICTMENT against Asbury Telfair, heard by Timberlake, J., and a jury, at October Term, 1901, of FRANKLIN. From a verdict of guilty on a special verdict, and judgment thereon, the defendant appealed.

Robert D. Gilmer, Attorney-General, and W. H. Yarborough, Jr., for the state.

F. S. Spruill for defendant.

Does the statute, The Code, sec. 2019, require that the summons to a person liable to road duty shall be in writing or printing? is the question before us for decision. The language of the Code section is that the overseer of the road "shall (646) summons," and that "the notice . . . shall state the hour and the place," etc.; and the contention of the defendant's counsel is that the summons must necessarily be in writing, first, because, as The Code, sec. 217, in which is provided the manner of service of the summons, requires that a copy shall be delivered, a verbal summons, therefore, is out of the question — it being impossible that there can be a copy of a verbal summons delivered; that a copy is a writing or printing from an original; and, second, because the language of the statute, "the notice shall . . . state," etc., precludes the idea of a statement by word of mouth of the overseer.

It was also insisted for the defendant that if the summoning by the overseer be treated as a notice, the same must be in writing, under section 597 of The Code. We think, however, that the summons and notice mentioned in chapter 50 of The Code, on Roads, Ferries and Bridges, are very different matters in their nature from the summons in sections 217 and 597 of The Code. The last mentioned both concern judicial proceedings, and are required to be in writing. The summons and notice in chapter 50 are not required to be in writing in so many words or by fair inference; and by a reference to section 2044 of that chapter, it will be seen that the usual manner of service of summons or notice upon a road hand is by making personal or word-of-mouth service upon him. It is only in cases where the overseer is unable to personally notify the hands that he is compelled to serve a written summons by leaving the same at the house of the hand. Code, sec. 2044.

His Honor allowed an amendment to the warrant of the justice of the peace upon the finding of a special verdict, and he was authorized to do so. S. v. Gilliken, 114 N.C. 832.


Cited: S. v. Lee, 164 N.C. 535.


Summaries of

S. v. Telfair

Supreme Court of North Carolina
Mar 1, 1902
40 S.E. 976 (N.C. 1902)
Case details for

S. v. Telfair

Case Details

Full title:STATE v. TELFAIR

Court:Supreme Court of North Carolina

Date published: Mar 1, 1902


40 S.E. 976 (N.C. 1902)
130 N.C. 645

Citing Cases

State v. Thompson

S. v. Clegg, 214 N.C. 675, 200 S.E. 371; S. v. Goff, 205 N.C. 545, 172 S.E. 407. But ordinarily, under our…

State v. Price

In that case we said in regard to a much more radical and serious amendment of a criminal warrant: "The other…