ARGUED FEBRUARY 12, 1952.
DECIDED MARCH 10, 1952.
Petition for injunction. Before Judge Hendrix. Fulton Superior Court. November 26, 1951.
Frank E. Blankenship and Joe Bruce Edwards, for plaintiff.
Harris, Henson Gower, for defendants.
The judgment sustaining the general demurrer and dismissing the petition in this case was not error.
No. 17769. ARGUED FEBRUARY 12, 1952 — DECIDED MARCH 10, 1952.
Lewis Rivers filed suit against John R. (Fat) Hardy, Rogers William Smallwood, Richard Weems, and L. O. Riggins, seeking damages for the death of his wife, and for injunctive relief. The petition alleged in substance: that the defendants prepared and sold "illegally manufactured whisky, commonly known as bootleg whisky," containing a poisonous ingredient, to wit, wood alcohol; that the defendants sold this illegal whisky to various persons, who in turn "sold same to consumers . . one of said persons who bought said concoction was a certain Willie Jones . . through the said Willie Jones his wife obtained one quart of the concoction or mixture named herein for the purpose of consuming the same;" and that, after drinking the bootleg whisky, she died as a result of the poison. Various allegations of negligence were set out in the petition.
Richard Weems and L. O. Riggins filed to the petition their general demurrers, which were sustained. The exception here is to that judgment.
It is contended that the judgment complained of is error for the reason that the plaintiff in error is entitled to recover under the provisions of Code § 105-1101, which reads as follows: "Any person who knowingly or carelessly sells to another unwholesome provisions of any kind, the defect being unknown to the purchaser, by the use of which damage results to the purchaser or his family, shall be liable in damages for such injury." It will be noted that this Code section contains the language, "the defect being unknown to the purchaser." In applying this rule of law, the Court of Appeals, in Atlanta Coca-Cola Bottling Co. v. Shipp, 41 Ga. App. 705 ( 154 S.E. 385), where it was contended that a lawful beverage sold on the market contained particles of glass, said that the person drinking the beverage must be "without negligence on his part," that is, he must exercise the degree of diligence required by law.
In the instant case, the purchaser of the alleged poison whisky knew that the manufacturer, the seller, and she herself were all dealing with an unlawful, outlawed product, and all were guilty of a crime in so doing. Yet the petition is silent as to whether or not she was, "without negligence on her part." In fact, it is not even alleged that she was ignorant of the ingredient contained in the bootleg whisky. This was a fatal defect in the petition.
Moreover, it appears from the petition in this case that there intervened, between the alleged negligence of the defendants and the damage alleged to have been sustained, the independent criminal act of a third person, which was the proximate cause of the alleged damage. This was likewise a fatal defect in the petition. See Andrews v. Kinsel, 114 Ga. 390 ( 40 S.E. 300); City of Atlanta v. Guice, 41 Ga. App. 146 ( 152 S.E. 144).
Keiley v. Bristol, 30 Ga. App. 725 ( 119 S.E. 334), cited and relied upon by the plaintiff in error, is distinguishable from the instant case for all of the reasons above pointed out in this opinion. It follows, the judgment of the court below, complained of, was not error.
Judgment affirmed. All the Justices concur.