Jessica Bacal, P.C., Katonah, N.Y., for appellant. Coffinas & Lusthaus, P.C., Brooklyn, N.Y. (Meredith A. Lusthaus of counsel), for respondent.
Jessica Bacal, P.C., Katonah, N.Y., for appellant. Coffinas & Lusthaus, P.C., Brooklyn, N.Y. (Meredith A. Lusthaus of counsel), for respondent. Karen P. Simmons, Brooklyn, N.Y. (Anta Cissé–Green and Barbara H. Dildine of counsel), attorney for the child.ANITA R. FLORIO, J.P., CHERYL E. CHAMBERS, L. PRISCILLA HALL, and ROBERT J. MILLER, JJ.
In related child custody and visitation proceedings pursuant to Family Court Act article 6, the mother appeals, as limited by her brief, (1) from so much of an order of the Family Court, Kings County (Krauss, J.), dated June 14, 2010, as, after a hearing, denied her petition to modify a stipulation of settlement dated November 30, 2007, which was incorporated but not merged into a judgment of divorce dated March 31, 2008, so as to award her sole custody of the subject child and for permission to relocate to Colorado with the subject child, and (2) from so much of an order of the same court dated July 9, 2010, as, after a hearing, granted the father's petition to modify the visitation provision set forth in the stipulation so as to award him visitation on alternate weekends and to direct that the subject child must be left in the care of the paternal grandmother when both parties have military training or are both otherwise unavailable to care for the child.
ORDERED that the orders are affirmed insofar as appealed from, without costs or disbursements.
“When reviewing a custodial parent's request to relocate, the court's primary focus must be on the best interests of the child” ( Matter of Giraldo v. Gomez, 49 A.D.3d 645, 645, 852 N.Y.S.2d 842; see Matter of Tropea v. Tropea, 87 N.Y.2d 727, 739, 642 N.Y.S.2d 575, 665 N.E.2d 145; Eschbach v. Eschbach, 56 N.Y.2d 167, 451 N.Y.S.2d 658, 436 N.E.2d 1260; Matter of Hamed v. Hamed, 88 A.D.3d 791, 791, 930 N.Y.S.2d 654; Matter of Said v. Said, 61 A.D.3d 879, 881, 878 N.Y.S.2d 384). “Relocation may be allowed if the custodial parent demonstrates, by a preponderance of the evidence, that the proposed move is in the child's best interests” ( Matter of Steadman v. Roumer, 81 A.D.3d 653, 654, 916 N.Y.S.2d 796). “Although each custodial parent's request for relocation must be decided on its own merits, the factors to be considered include, but are not limited to, each parent's reasons for seeking or opposing the move, the quality of the relationships between the children and each parent, the impact of the move on the quantity and quality of the children's future contact with the noncustodial parent, the degree to which the lives of the custodial parent and the children may be enhanced economically, emotionally, and educationally by the move, and the feasibility of preserving the relationship between the noncustodial parent and the children through suitable visitation arrangements” ( Matter of Said v. Said, 61 A.D.3d at 881, 878 N.Y.S.2d 384; see Matter of Tropea v. Tropea, 87 N.Y.2d at 740–741, 642 N.Y.S.2d 575, 665 N.E.2d 145). “Despite the multitude of factors that may properly be considered in the context of a relocation petition, ‘the impact of the move on the relationship between the child and the noncustodial parent will remain a central concern’ ” ( Matter of Martino v. Ramos, 64 A.D.3d 657, 657–658, 884 N.Y.S.2d 427, quoting Matter of Tropea v. Tropea, 87 N.Y.2d at 739, 642 N.Y.S.2d 575, 665 N.E.2d 145).
Here, the record contains a sound and substantial basis for the Family Court's denial of that branch of the mother's petition which was for permission to relocate from Brooklyn to Colorado with the subject child ( see Matter of Tropea v. Tropea, 87 N.Y.2d 727, 642 N.Y.S.2d 575, 665 N.E.2d 145; Matter of Clarke v. Boertlein, 82 A.D.3d 976, 977, 919 N.Y.S.2d 51). The testimony at the hearing revealed that, although the mother has been the primary custodial parent, both parents have a close and loving relationship with the child and have taken an active role in his upbringing and well-being. It is undisputed that, since the parties' separation, the father has had regular and frequent visitation, often for substantial periods of time at his home in Pennsylvania ( see Matter of Martino v. Ramos, 64 A.D.3d at 658, 884 N.Y.S.2d 427; Matter of Friedman v. Rome, 46 A.D.3d 682, 683, 847 N.Y.S.2d 616; Matter of Huston v. Jones, 252 A.D.2d 502, 503, 675 N.Y.S.2d 127). During this time, the child has developed a strong and loving relationship not only with his father, but also with various members of the father's extended family. Accordingly, the mother failed to demonstrate by a preponderance of the evidence that the proposed relocation would be in the child's best interests ( see Matter of Martino v. Ramos, 64 A.D.3d at 658, 884 N.Y.S.2d 427).
In addition, the mother failed to demonstrate that there was a sufficient change in circumstances since the time of the stipulation of settlement such that modification of the joint custody arrangement to award her sole legal custody was in the best interests of the child ( see Matter of DiCiacco v. DiCiacco, 89 A.D.3d 937, 932 N.Y.S.2d 714; Mathie v. Mathie, 65 A.D.3d 527, 529, 884 N.Y.S.2d 433; Matter of Risman v. Linke, 235 A.D.2d 861, 861–862, 652 N.Y.S.2d 832). Moreover , the record demonstrates that the parties are not so antagonistic, embattled, and unable to set aside their differences that they cannot make joint decisions for the good of the child ( see Bliss v. Ach, 56 N.Y.2d 995, 998, 453 N.Y.S.2d 633, 439 N.E.2d 349; Braiman v. Braiman, 44 N.Y.2d 584, 589–590, 407 N.Y.S.2d 449, 378 N.E.2d 1019).
Contrary to the mother's contention, the Family Court's determination to modify the existing visitation arrangement was supported by a sound and substantial basis in the record. The father demonstrated that there had been a change in circumstances such that modification is required to protect the best interests of the child (see Matter of Peralta v. Irrizary, 76 A.D.3d 561, 562, 906 N.Y.S.2d 590; see also Family Ct. Act § 652[a] ). Accordingly, the Family Court properly granted the father's petition to modify the visitation provision set forth in a stipulation of settlement dated November 30, 2007, so as to award him visitation on alternate weekends and to direct that the subject child must be left in the care of the paternal grandmother when both parties have military training or are both otherwise unavailable to care for the child.
The mother's remaining contentions are without merit.