explaining that obtaining injunctive relief from an appellate court "'demands a significantly higher justification' than a request for a stay" pending appeal (quoting Ohio Citizens for Responsible Energy, Inc. v. NRC, 479 U.S. 1312, 1313 (1986) (Scalia, J., in chambers))Summary of this case from Bos. Parent Coal. for Acad. Excellence Corp. v. Sch. Comm. of Bos.
Application for an injunction, presented to Justice KENNEDY, and by him referred to the Court denied. Applicants are correct to note that relief was granted in McComish v. Bennett, 560 U.S. ––––, 130 S.Ct. 3383, 176 L.Ed.2d 1243 (2010), which concerned a constitutional challenge to an Arizona law similar to the Maine law challenged by applicants here. The McComish applicants, however, requested a stay of an appeals court decision, whereas applicants here are asking for an injunction against enforcement of a presumptively constitutional state legislative act. Such a request "demands a significantly higher justification" than a request for a stay, because unlike a stay, an injunction "does not simply suspend judicial alteration of the status quo but grants judicial intervention that has been withheld by lower courts." Ohio Citizens for Responsible Energy, Inc. v. NRC, 479 U.S. 1312, 1313, 107 S.Ct. 682, 93 L.Ed.2d 692 (1986) (Scalia, J., in chambers). In light of these considerations, and given the difficulties in fashioning relief so close to the election, applicants' request for extraordinary relief is denied.
Justice SCALIA and Justice ALITO would grant the application for an injunction as to the matching fund provisions.