Pitman Building and Loan Asso.

Not overruled or negatively treated on appealinfoCoverage
Court of ChanceryApr 15, 1930
106 N.J. Eq. 47 (N.J. 1930)
106 N.J. Eq. 47149 A. 820

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Decided April 15th, 1930.

1. A mortgagee of land, holding an assignment of stock as collateral to its mortgage, released the latter, with actual notice of the existence of a subsequent mortgage on the land; held, that the prior mortgage was, so far as the right of the subsequent one was concerned, satisfied to the extent of the value of the stock at that time.

2. Where, as part of the transaction above stated releasing the lien on the stock held as collateral, certain prior liens were satisfied which enured to the benefit of the subsequent mortgage, the amount of the prior liens so paid will be deducted from the withdrawal value of the stock released.

On hearing on foreclosure of mortgage.

Mr. Morton C. Haight, for the complainant.

Mr. Willis Tullis Porch, for the defendant Horace T. Smedley.

There can exist no doubt touching the rights of the respective parties herein. The only issue is the claim of defendant Smedley, as owner of the second mortgage, that, as against him, complainant's mortgage should be charged with payment to the amount of the value of certain pledged stock. Complainant, the elder creditor, possessed two securities, only one of which was subject to the lien of the junior creditor. In the absence of intervening equities this entitled the latter, as owner of the second mortgage, to have the former, as owner of the first mortgage and pledgee of the stock, to apply, in the first place, the security peculiar to itself. It appears herein that with actual knowledge of the existence of the second mortgage complainant voluntarily surrendered the stock, its peculiar security. It follows that as against the second mortgage the first mortgage must be held to have been paid to the extent of the value of the stock at the time of its relinquishment.

It appears, however, that $755.70 was at that time applied to delinquent dues, fines, interest, insurance premiums and delinquent taxes. Since these applications enured to the benefit of the second mortgage that amount will be deducted from the withdrawal value of $1,099.50, and a credit will be imposed upon complainant's mortgage for only the difference. The following authorities fully support the views above stated. Herbert v. Mechanics Building and Loan Association, 17 N. J. Eq. 497; Washington Building and Loan Association v. Beaghen, 27 N.J. Eq. 98; Bacon v. Devinney, 55 N.J. Eq. 449; Sudbury v. Merchantville Building and Loan Association, 57 N.J. Eq. 342.

A reference may be made to a master to ascertain the amount due on the respective mortgages.